Export Control Laws are a set of federal regulations that govern how information and technologies can be transferred internationally and prohibit certain activities without a license from the U.S. Government. Some examples of activities that may require a license are:
- Any engagement with embargoed or comprehensively sanctioned countries
Interactions with North Korea, Syria, Iran, Cuba or the Crimean Region of the Ukraine are heavily regulated by the federal government. A license may be required even for teaching or scholarly interaction. Targeted sanctions may also apply to engagements with Russia, China, Venezuela, or other countries.
- Shipping research equipment or samples internationally
Export control laws apply to the export of physical items or the use of those items by foreign nationals.
- Travelling internationally
Hand-carrying items during travel is also an export. Furthermore, export control laws apply to some software and technical data.
- Purchasing controlled items for use in research
Export control laws may restrict the extent to which foreign nationals can use or access certain items, software, or technical data. A Technology Control Plan (TCP) is required to ensure that these items are properly secured.
- Collaborating with international colleagues
International transfers of software or technical data via email or cloud services are still considered exports and may require a license from the federal government.
Please contact ORSCA for guidance if you encounter any of these situations. Please be aware that license applications can take up to six months for review and approval by the federal government. Engaging in these activities without a license can result in fines, suspension of export privileges, or even prison.