Fair Use

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Fair Use Guideline for Reserves

All instructor material requests must contain a complete citation.

Fair Use

FAIR USE: The policy governing course reserves / Reserves is based on provisions of the fair use section of the United States Copyright Act of 1976 (Title 17 U.S. Code).

Fair use guidelines apply to materials (whether or not they are copyrighted) the first semester they are available via Reserve Services. In order to meet fair use guidelines, the material item must be one of the following:

  • 1 poem, short story, or essay from a collected work
  • 1 article from any one journal issue or newspaper
  • 1 chapter from any one book
  • a chart, graph, diagram, cartoon or picture from a book, periodical or newspaper
  • a short excerpt not to exceed 10% of a work without chapters or articles


Written permission from the copyright holder/clearinghouse is required for the following:

  • Any copyrighted material which exceeds the Fair Use guidelines
  • A copy of copyrighted material for the same professor for more than one semester

A copy of copyrighted material for an individual course, taught by many instructors in multiple sections

The library, in collaboration with the University Bookstore, will obtain the required written copyright permission for any copyrighted material placed on Reserve. Instructors will be notified if permission is denied.

Copyright materials available from Reserve Services must contain a notice of copyright. The copyright notice included on all paper items reads: NOTICE: This material may be protected by copyright law (title 17 U.S.Code).

eReserve copyrighted materials are protected by a course password and students must agree to accept the conditions of use prior to accessing electronic materials. The eReserves acceptance statement reads:

Please be advised that to by using electronic material in Reserves, agree to the following:

The copyright law of the United States (Title 17, United States Code) governs the making of photocopies or other reproductions of copyrighted materials. Under certain conditions specified in the law, libraries and archives are authorized to furnish a photocopy or other reproduction. One of these specified conditions is that the photocopy or reproduction is not to be "used for any purpose other than private study, scholarship, or research." If a user makes a request for, or later uses, a photocopy or reproduction for purposes in excess of "fair use," that user may be liable for copyright infringement