Glossary

blind audition

In a blind audition the identity of the performer is concealed from the judges so as to prevent bias. The performance takes place behind a curtain so that the judges cannot see the performer. Blind auditions are standard in symphony orchestras and have been shown to increase the hiring of women.

Diversity

Individual differences (e.g., personality, prior knowledge, and life experiences) and group/social differences (e.g., race/ethnicity, class, gender, sexual orientation, country of origin, and ability as well as cultural, political, religious, or other affiliations).

Equity

The creation of opportunities for historically underrepresented populations to have equal access to and participate in educational programs that are capable of closing the achievement gaps in student success and completion

Equity-Mindedness

The term "Equity-Mindedness" refers to the perspective or mode of thinking exhibited by practitioners who call attention to patterns of inequity in student outcomes. These practitioners are willing to take personal and institutional responsibility for the success of their students, and critically reassess their own practices. It also requires that practitioners are race-conscious and aware of the social and historical context of exclusionary practices in American Higher Education." (Center for Urban Education, University of Southern California)

Inclusive Excellence (IE)

The recognition that a community or institution's success is dependent on how well it values, engages and includes the rich diversity of students, staff, faculty, administrators, and alumni constituents.

Inclusion

The active, intentional, and ongoing engagement with diversity—in the curriculum, in the co-curriculum, and in communities (intellectual, social, cultural, geographical) with which individuals might connect—in ways that increase awareness, content knowledge, cognitive sophistication, and empathic understanding of the complex ways individuals interact within systems and institutions.

PEER

PEER is the newest way to describe people of color. For example, instead of using the term URM (underrepresented minority), the term PEER is more descriptive. It stands for Persons Excluded because of their Ethnicity and Race. The term PEER can be more universally accepted as the acronym URM, as is often used in science, is increasingly considered pejorative. Read more about PEER here. Commentary Race Matters David J. Asai1,2,* 1Science Education, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Chevy Chase, MD 20815, USA 2Lead Contact *Correspondence: [email protected] https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cell.2020.03.044.