Clinical Rehabilitative Services Credential: Orientation & Mobility

Welcome to the Clinical Rehabilitative Services (Orientation and Mobility)

orientation and mobility

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Specialist Training Program
Visual Impairments and Blindness
KHC1070 | (323) 343-4411 | FAX (323) 343-5605


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 Program Application      Program Brochure


The Clinical Rehabilitative Services Credential: Orientation & Mobility prepares specialists to provide instruction in independent movement and travel skills in home, school and community settings for school-aged students visual impairments. This one-year program is highly intensive and incorporates extensive hands-on training and fieldwork experiences with coursework in visual impairment, theory and effective teaching practices. *The Clinical Rehabilitative Services Credential in Orientation & Mobility is required to teach school-aged children in California. All students in this credential program are dually enrolled in the MA degree program in Special Education, Option in Orientation & Mobility.

    Orientation and Mobility services are primarily directed towards assisting blind and visually impaired individuals to achieve independent movement within home, school, work, and community settings. In the 1970's, Orientation and Mobility Specialists expanded services to include visually impaired children and youth in the public schools and individuals who have low vision. Orientation and Mobility Specialists today provide instruction to blind and visually impaired individuals of all ages, including individuals with multiple disabilities and other health impairments. 

     Orientation and Mobility Specialists provide direct instruction and consultation for young blind and visually impaired children (infants, toddlers, and preschoolers) and their families. Early Orientation and Mobility intervention may emphasize the following areas: sensory awareness, concept development, environmental exploration, and safe and efficient movement. In the public schools, Orientation and Mobility Specialists provide instruction in basic skills and protective techniques, cane travel, use of low vision devices, visual efficiency training, intersection analysis and safe street crossings, use of public transportation, and shopping skills. Adults who are blind and visually impaired receive training in similar areas and are taught to travel safely and efficiently in residential, rural, and urban environments as appropriate.