Travis Shihao Hu

Travis Shihao Hu
College of Engineering, Computer Science, and Technology
Department of Mechanical Engineering
Office Location: ET A-429a
Phone: (323) 343-4486 Email:


If you are interested in joining the group send Dr. Hu an email.  We welcome talented and motivated students with different backgrounds (e.g., Engineering, Physics, Chemistry and Biology) to become an integral part of the Bio-Nano Materials and Interfaces Lab.  Student assistant positions are available throughout the year.


Nanomechanics and Nanomaterials; 2D Materials; Interfacial Phenomena; Biomimetics and Bioinspiration; Multiscale Modeling and Simulation.


Dr. Travis Shihao Hu is a full time Assistant Professor of Mechanical Engineering with a background in Applied Mechanics and Materials Science.  Before joining the faculty at Cal State LA in 2016, he worked as a Teaching Assistant Professor in the Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering at University of Denver (DU) for a year.  Prior to DU he spent over 3 years as a postdoctoral researcher at multiple institutes (i.e., Case Western Reserve University, University of Florida and University of Delaware) focusing on multifunctional and smart carbon, polymeric and hybrid materials for energy, biomedical and defense applications.


Dr. Hu’s teaching interests are at the crossroads of Solid Mechanics and Materials Science and Engineering, including: Statics; Strength of Materials; Fracture Mechanics; Fatigue and Failure; Fundamentals of Materials Science and Engineering; Composites; Nanomaterials and Nanotechnology; Nano-Tribology; Biomimetics and Biomimicry; Microstructural Characterization of Materials; Molecular Dynamics (MD) Simulations; Finite Element Analysis (FEA).


Dr. Hu’s research activities primarily concentrate in the areas of: i) Bio-/Nano-Materials and Mechanics; ii) Multifunctional and Energy Materials and Devices, and; iii) Nanotechnology Research, with emphasis on bio-inspired design, structure-function relationships, surface/interfacial interactions, transport phenomena and structural hierarchy.  He seeks organisms and biological systems as ‘elegant’ models to solve intricate engineering problems in an energy-efficient, eco-friendly and sustainable manner.  He is focused on addressing the emergent phenomena and properties across multiple length and temporal scales.  This new paradigm of bio-inspired research is aimed at the elucidation of some of the basic principles and mechanisms in nature, including animals, insects, and plants, in order to create next-generation smart materials and complex superstructures that are responsive to external stimuli, e.g., switchable dry/wet adhesives; active self-cleaning, anti-fouling, anti-bacterial surfaces; hierarchical/hybrid fibrils with self-healing and wear-prevention capabilities, water harvesting coatings and thin films.  These functional materials and structures are highly desirable in renewable energy, biomedical, environmental and defense applications.


  1. Xiaoxiao Dong , Rui Zhang, Yu Tian, Melvin A. Ramos, Travis Shihao Hu, Zhihang Wang, Hong Zhao, Lipeng Zhang, Yiyang Wan, Zhenhai Xia, and Quan Xu. "Functionally Graded Gecko Setae and the Biomimics with Robust Adhesion and Durability" ACS Applied Polymer Materials2020
  2. Hang Liu, Guopeng Qi, Caisheng Tang, Maolin Chen, Yang Chen, Zhiwen Shu, Haiyan Xiang, Yuanyuan Jin, Shanshan Wang, Huimin Li, Miray Ouzounian, Travis Shihao Hu, Huigao Duan, Shisheng Li, Zheng Han and Song Liu. "Growth of Large-Area Homogeneous Monolayer Transition Metal Disulfides via a Molten Liquid Intermediate Process" ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 2020
  3. Haiyan Xiang, Yueshao Zheng, Yue Sun, Ting ting Guo, Pei Zhang, Wei Li, Shiwei Kong, Miray Ouzounian, Hong Chen, Huimin Li, Travis Shihao Hu, Gang Yu, Yexin Feng and Song Liu. "Bimetallic and Postsynthetic Alloyed PtCu Nanostructures with Tunable Reactivity toward Methanol Oxidation Reaction" Nanoscale Advances, 2020
  4. Gonglei Shao, Xiong-Xiong Xue, Binbin Wu, Yung-Chang Lin, Miray Ouzounian, Travis Shihao Hu, Yeqing Xu, Xiao Liu, Shisheng Li, Kazu Suenaga, Yexin Feng and Song Liu. "Template-Assisted Synthesis of Metallic 1T′-Sn0.3W0.7S2 Nanosheets for Hydrogen Evolution Reaction" Advanced Functional Materials, 2020 30 (5), 1906069. https://doi/abs/10.1002/adfm.201906069.
  5. Tingting Yang, Haiyan Xiang, Chaopeng Qin, Yeru Liu, Xiaorui Zhao, Hang Liu, Huimin Li, Miray Ouzounian, Guo Hong, Hong Chen, Qizhi Dong, Travis Shihao Hu and Song Liu. "Highly Sensitive 1T‐MoS2 Pressure Sensor with Wide Linearity Based on Hierarchical Microstructures of Leaf Vein as Spacer" Advanced Electronic Materials, 2020 6 (1), 1900916.
  6. Gonglei Shao, Xiong-Xiong Xue, Xionglin Zhou, Jie Xu, Yuanyuan Jin, Shuyan Qi, Nan Liu, Huigao Duan, Shanshan Wang, Shisheng Li, Miray Ouzounian, Travis Shihao Hu, Jun Luo, Song Liu and Yexin Feng. "Shape Engineered Synthesis of Atomically Thin 1T-SnS2 Catalyzed by Potassium Halides" ACS Nano, 2019 13 (7), 8265-8274.
  7. Xiaoxiao Dong, Hong Zhao, Zhihang Wang, Miray Ouzounian, Travis Shihao Hu, Yongjian Guo, Lipeng Zhang and Quan Xu. "Gecko-inspired composite micro-pillars with both robust adhesion and enhanced dry self-cleaning property" Chinese Chemical Letters, 2019 30 (12), 2333-2337.
  8. Xinxing Gong, Yeru Liu, Haiyan Xiang, Hang Liu, Zhigang Liu, Xiaorui Zhao, Jishan Li, Huimin Li, Guo Hong, Travis Shihao Hu, Hong Chen, Song Liu and Gang Yu. "​Membraneless reproducible MoS2 field-effect transistor biosensor for high sensitive and selective detection of FGF21" SCIENCE CHINA Materials, 2019
  9. Yuanyuan Jin, Zanyang Zeng, Zhengwei Xu, Yung-Chang Lin, Kaixi Bi, Gonglei Shao, Travis Shihao Hu, Shanshan Wang, Shisheng Li, Kazu Suenaga, Huigao Duan, Yexin Feng and Song Liu. "Synthesis and Transport Properties of Degenerate P-type Nb-doped WS2 Monolayers" Chemistry of Materials2019 31 (9), 3534-3541.
  10. Pei Chen, Xudong Li, Junfei Ma, Rui Zhang, Fei Qin, Jiaojiao Wang, Travis Shihao Hu, Yilin Zhang and Quan Xu. "Bio-Inspired Photo-Detachable Dry Self-Cleaning Surface" Langmuir, 2019 35 (19), 6379-6386.
  11. Pei Zhang, Haiyan Xiang, Li Tao, Hongjie Dong, Yige Zhou, Travis Shihao Hu, Xuli Chen, Song Liu, Shuangyin Wang and Slaven Garaj. "Chemically Activated MoS2 for Efficient Hydrogen Production" Nano Energy, 2019 57, 535-541
  12. Minjie Xu, Chao Hu, Haiyan Xiang, Haozi Lu, Travis Shihao Hu, Bonian Hu, Song Liu and Gang Yu. "Controllable Phase Transformation and Improved Thermal Stability of Nickel on Tungsten Substrate by Electrodeposition" Journal of Materials Science & Technology, 2019 35 (5), 727-732.
  13. Quan Xu, Xu Wu, Zhihang Wang, Travis Shihao Hu, Jason Street, Yan Luo and Zhenhai Xia. "Temperature-Induced Tunable Adhesion of Gecko Setae/Spatulae and Their Biomimics" Materials Today: Proceedings, 2018 5 (12), 25879-25893.
  14. Shuangkun Zhang, Shafqat Ali, Hanlin Ma, Liqun Zhang, Zhanpeng Wu*, Dezhen Wu and Travis Shihao Hu*. "Preparation of Poly(bis(phenoxy)phosphazene) and 31P NMR Analysis of Its Structural Defects under Various Synthesis Conditions" J. Phys. Chem. B, 2016 120 (43), 11307-11316.
  15. Wei Liu, Zhixiao Xu, Dezhen Wu, Zhanpeng Wu* and Travis Shihao Hu*. "Systematic Synthesis of Polyimide@Inorganics Core-Shell Microspheres via Ion-exchange and Interfacial Reaction." Materials Letters 2016 177, 30-33.
  16. Quan Xu, Yiyang Wan, Travis Shihao Hu, Tony X. Liu, Dashuai Tao, Peter H. Niewiarowski, Yu Tian, Yue Liu, Liming Dai, Yanqing Yang and Zhenhai Xia. "Robust Self-cleaning and Micromanipulation Capabilities of Gecko Spatulae and Their Bio-mimics." Nature Communications 2015 6, 8949.
  17. Yuan Zhao, Shihao Hu, Wei Liu, Guangliang An, Zhanpeng Wu, Dezhen Wu and Riguang Jin. "Nitrile Butadiene Rubber-Based Heat-Shielding Insulations for Solid Rocket Motors: Effect of Polyimide Fibrous Reinforcement on the Morphology and Properties." High Performance Polymers 2015 27, 153-160. 
  18. Zhijun Ma, Shihao Hu, Juay Seng Tan, Christopher Myer, Nina M. Njus and Zhenhai Xia. "In Vitro and In Vivo Mechanical Properties of Human Ulnar and Median Nerves." Journal of Biomedical Materials Research: Part A 2013 101A, 2718-2725.
  19. Shihao Hu, Zhenhai Xia and Liming Dai. "Advanced Gecko-Foot-Mimetic Dry Adhesives Based on Carbon Nanotubes." Nanoscale 2013 5, 475-486.
  20. Shihao Hu, Peter H. Niewiarowski and Zhenhai Xia. "Sticky yet Clean, The Secrets of the Gecko’s Adhesive System." G.I.T. Laboratory Journal 2012 16, 14-16.
  21. Shihao Hu, Stephanie M. Lopez, Peter H. Niewiarowski and Zhenhai Xia. "Dynamic Self-Cleaning in Gecko Setae via Digital Hyperextension." Journal of the Royal Society Interface 2012 9, 2781-2790. 
  22. Shihao Hu and Zhenhai Xia. "Rational Design and Nanofabrication of Gecko Inspired Fibrillar Adhesives." Small 2012 8, 2464-2468.
  23. Abhishek K. Kothari, Shihao Hu, Zhenhai Xia, Brian W. Sheldon and Erkan Konca. "Enhanced Fracture Toughness in Carbon Nanotube Reinforced Amorphous Silicon Nitride Nanocomposite Coatings." Acta Materialia 2012 60, 3333-3339.
  24. Shihao Hu, Zhenhai Xia and Xiaosheng Gao. "Strong Adhesion and Friction Coupling in Hierarchical Carbon Nanotube Arrays for Dry Adhesive Applications." ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2012 4, 1972-1980.
  25. Shihao Hu, Haodan Jiang, Zhenhai Xia and Xiaosheng Gao. "Friction and Adhesion of Hierarchical Carbon Nanotube Structures for Biomimetic Dry Adhesives: Multiscale Modeling." ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2010 2, 2570-2578.
  26. Shihao Hu, Jinsheng Liang, and et al. "Effect of Surface Free Energy on Easy-to-Clean Property of Ceramic Glaze." Journal of the Chinese Ceramic Society 2008 36, 1282-1287.


  1. Shihao Hu, Zhenhai Xia. “Friction Enhanced Adhesion in Biomimetic Nanostructures” Advances in Heterogeneous Material Mechanics: Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Heterogeneous Material Mechanics, Shanghai, China, 2011, 1146-1149.
  2. Lijuan Wang, Shihao Hu. “Study on the physical and chemical properties of easy-to-clean ceramics” North China Ceramic Society Ninth Symposium, Beijing, China, 2008.
  3. Lijuan Wang, Jinsheng Liang, Jiyuan Li, Shihao Hu. “Surface Free Energy of Ceramic Glaze and the Influential Factors” Proceedings of the Second Ecological Building Materials and Materials Selection for Green Building, Beijing, China, 2007, 200-205.


  3. DoD-ARO
  4. La Kretz Environment Endowment