COVID-19: Novel Coronavirus Disease

California is reopening, but the Stay-at-Home Order is still in effect. Please refer to and follow state and local public health guidelines.

Although it has been modified, California's Stay-at-Home Order is still in effect. For additional information, including resources for financial assistance, food and meal assistance, getting tested, obtaining health care, and prevention, visit COVID-19.CA.GOV.

Celebrate Safely

At a minimum, follow these Los Angeles County Department of Public Health (LACDPH) guidelines:

"AVOID CROWDS, CONFINED SPACES & CLOSE CONTACT

  • Do not share: utensils, cups, food, drinks.

For additional information, read:

Considerations Before Going Out and About

Consider the Risk

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, "the risk of spreading COVID-19 at events and gatherings increases as follows:

The Risk of Spreading COVID-19 at Events and Gatherings
Lowest Risk Virtual-only events, activities and gatherings.
More Risk Smaller outdoor and in-person gatherings in which individuals from different households remain spaced at least 6 feet apart, wear cloth face coverings, do not share objects, and come from the same local area (e.g., community, town, city, or county).
Higher Risk Medium-sized in-person gatherings that are adapted to allow individuals to remain spaced at least 6 feet apart and with attendees coming from outside the local area.
Highest Risk Large in-person gatherings where it is difficult for individuals to remain spaced at least 6 feet apart and attendees travel from outside the local area."

Prevent the Spread of COVID-19

As Los Angeles County and beyond reopen, everyone should keep in mind that COVID-19 has not gone away. Risks still remain, so it's important to:

Follow Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and Los Angeles County Department of Public Health (LACDPH) guidelines to reduce risk.
  • Check out, in advance, the safety precautions restaurants, businesses and services you plan to use have implemented to keep people as safe as possible.
  • Wash your hands frequently for at least 20 seconds or use hand sanitizer (at least 60% alcohol):
    • Before going out
    • After going to the bathroom
    • Before eating
    • After coughing or sneezing
    • After handling items touched by others
    • When you get home
    • At other times, as needed
  • Limit indoor activities and avoid confined spaces, crowds and close contact with individuals who are not in your household.
  • Wear cloth face coverings when in contact with or likely to come in contact with individuals who are not in your household.
  • Maintain social/physical distancing of at least six feet with individuals who are not part of your household.
  • Avoid having visitors in your home unless they provide essential services (e.g., caregiving, repairs). Visitors should wear face coverings and maintain social distancing as much as possible. Individuals who are sick should not enter your home. 
  • Choose contactless options where available for reservations, checkin, payment, and item delivery.
  • Avoid sharing food, toys and other items.
Take care to prevent the spread of COVID-19. Don't forget that infected individuals who don't have symptoms can pass the infection to others.
Stay home if you have a fever, respiratory or other symptoms, or feel sick, except to obtain necessary medical care.
Stay home except for essential needs if you are at high-risk for serious illness. Where possible, let friends or family members take care of grocery shopping and other needs.
Wear face coverings and maintain social distancing of at least 6 feet at work when in public and when taking advantage of open services, businesses, parks and beaches, and in other situations where you will or likely will come in contact with individuals who are not in your household, .
Local Department of Public Health guidelines should be followed.

Become Familiar with Local and State Reopening Guidelines and Plans

Los Angeles County

An overview of Los Angeles County's phased reopening is available in the County's Roadmap to Recovery.

Other Counties

Reopening guidelines and plans for other counties may be found through the Local Public Health Department Directory.

State of California

An overview of California's phased reopening is available in the State's Resilience Roadmap.

Local Health Officer Orders

In addition to California's Stay-at-Home Order, local departments of public health also issue health officer orders. Orders can vary based on local circumstances.

Los Angeles County Residents

The Los Angeles County Department of Public Health has issued the following health officer orders:

Residents of Other Counties

Residents of other counties will find applicable health officer orders through their local department of public health:


COVID-19 Testing

Test Sites

COVID-19 testing is available in Los Angeles and other counties. For details and to locate a test site, click on one of the following links:

Testing

Important Resources

This webpage provides general information about COVID-19, the novel coronavirus disease. Because new guidelines and information are released on a frequent basis, please visit the following websites for the latest details and guidance.

For information specific to Cal State LA, please visit Cal State LA Health Watch.


Can I Get COVID-19?

Anyone exposed to the virus that causes COVID-19 can become infected, so it is important to follow local public health and CDC guidelines to reduce risk. Certain individuals are at high risk for becoming seriously ill which increases risk for hospitalization, being placed on a ventilator, and dying.

How Does the COVID-19 Virus Spread?

The virus that causes COVID-19 primarily spreads through close contact with an infected person. Community spread (spread that includes infections among people whose infection sources are unknown) is occurring throughout the U.S. 

Generally speaking, someone who has had any of the following exposures has had close contact and should follow local public health orders for quarantine (refer to Home Quarantine Guidance for Close Contacts to Coronavirus Disease 2019 [COVID-19]):

  • Unprotected contact with body fluids of an infected (or presumed to be infected) individual.
  • Coughed or sneezed on by an infected (or presumed to be infected) individual.
  • Was within 6 feet of an infected (or presumed to be infected) individual for more than 15 minutes. 
  • Provided care to an infected (or presumed to be infected) individual without appropriate protective equipment.
  • Shared utensils or saliva with an infected (or presumed to be infected) individual.

When an infected person speaks, sings, coughs or sneezes droplets from their respiratory tract enter the air. These virus-filled droplets can enter the mouths or noses of individuals close by or land on nearby objects. The COVID-19 virus can be spread by:

  • Speaking, coughing and sneezing
  • Close personal contact (as defined above and contact such as touching or shaking hands)
  • Touching an object or surface with the virus on it, then touching your mouth, nose or eyes before washing your hands
  • Rarely, fecal contamination

The incubation period for COVID-19 (the time period between getting infected and when symptoms develop) is 2-14 days. Infected individuals are most infectious when they have symptoms. However, the COVID-19 virus is also spread by infected individuals who do not have symptoms. For those who develop symptoms, the virus can be spread to others 48 hours before their symptoms appear.

Because the virus can be spread by infected individuals who do not have symptoms, in addition to physical distancing and other protective measures, the Los Angeles Department of Public Health advises that everyone "should use a clean face covering anytime they will be in contact with other people who are not household members in public or private spaces. It is important to note that face coverings are not a substitute for always practicing physical distancing and frequent handwashing."

For additional details, read:

What are the Symptoms of COVID-19?

Many individuals do not develop symptoms. In those who do develop symptoms, symptoms typically appear 2-14 days after becoming infected.

"Classic" symptoms:

  • Fever
  • Cough
  • Shortness of breath or trouble breathing

Individuals infected with the COVID-19 virus may also experience these symptoms:

  • Body or muscle aches
  • Chills
  • Congestion or runny nose
  • Diarrhea
  • Fatigue
  • Headaches
  • Loss of smell and taste
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Sore throat
  • Other symptoms

For additional details or to use the Coronavirus Self-Checker, visit the CDC's Symptoms of Coronavirus.

What to Do if You Develop Symptoms

If you develop symptoms, follow these guidelines from the Los Angeles Department of Public Health

What are the Warning Signs of Serious COVID-19 Illness?

Call 911 in an emergency. Inform the dispatcher that you have/may have COVID-19.

Warning signs of serious illness that require immediate medical attention include:

  • Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath
  • Persistent pain or pressure in the chest
  • New confusion or inability to arouse
  • Bluish lips or face
  • Other severe or concerning symptoms

For additional details, read the CDC's Symptoms of Coronavirus.

What Should I Do if I Develop COVID-19 or Respiratory Symptoms?

Los Angeles County Department of Public Health (LACDPH) Guidelines

The LACDPH has issued the following instructions for individuals who have COVID-19 or respiratory symptoms and their families and caregivers:

General Considerations

  • Seek medical care.
    • Before you go to a doctor’s office, urgent care center or emergency room, call ahead and tell them about your symptoms.
    • The elderly and individuals who are immunocompromised or have underlying health conditions should call their doctor earlier.
    • Call 211 to find support near you if you do not have a healthcare provider.
  • Avoid contact with others. Use a separate room and bathroom.
  • Avoid sharing household items.
  • Clean "high-touch" surfaces and objects — frequently touched surfaces and objects such as doorknobs, counter tops.
  • Separate yourself from other people in your home.
  • Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue or your sleeve (not your hands) when coughing or sneezing. Throw the tissue away. Wash your hands.
  • Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds to avoid spreading the virus to others.
    • Handwashing is especially important after going to the bathroom, before eating, and after blowing your nose, coughing or sneezing.
    • Read Steps for Handwashing (Los Angeles County Department of Public Health) for details.
  • Use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol if soap and water are not available.
  • Wear a facemask or cloth face covering.
  • Monitor your symptoms.
  • Avoid contact with pets and other animals.
  • Stay in contact with others via phone or email.

What Should I Do if I May Have Been Exposed?

The LACDPH has issued the following guidance materials for those who have been exposed to COVID-19:

What About Children and What is Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome?

According to the CDC, the majority of children are not at higher risk for COVID-19. However, "children who are medically complex, who have neurologic, genetic, metabolic conditions, or who have congenital heart disease are at higher risk for severe illness from COVID-19 than other children."

Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Children (MIS-C)

MIS-C has been diagnosed in some previously healthy children who are or have been infected with COVID-19. The condition causes potentially life-threatening swelling (inflammation) in the heart and blood vessels, kidneys, brain, skin, stomach and other organs. A child's healthcare provider should be contacted as soon as possible if they develop any of the following symptoms.

Symptoms

MIS-C symptoms include:

  • Bloodshot eyes
  • Feeling extra tired
  • Fever
  • Abdominal pain
  • Diarrhea
  • Neck pain
  • Rash
  • Vomiting

Emergency Warning Signs: Seek Emergency Care

Immediate emergency care should be sought for children who exhibit the following symptoms:

  • Bluish lips or face
  • Inability to wake or stay awake
  • New confusion
  • Pain or pressure in the chest that doesn't go away
  • Severe abdominal pain
  • Trouble breathing
  • Other concerning symptoms

Protect Children

The best protection against MIS-C is to help children avoid COVID-19 infection. In addition to strategies already mentioned in this webpage, parents and caregivers can:

For additional information, read:

Who is at High Risk for Becoming Seriously Ill?

Certain individuals are or may be at higher risk of becoming seriously ill if infected with the COVID-19 virus:

  • Older adults are at increased risk. The older you are, the higher your risk.
  • People of any age with underlying medical conditions.
    • Individuals with these conditions are at increased risk for becoming seriously ill:
      • Chronic kidney disease
      • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
      • Immunocompromised from solid organ transplant
      • Obesity (BMI of 30 or higher)
      • Serious heart conditions (e.g., heart failure, coronary artery disease)
      • Sickle cell disease
      • Type 2 diabetes mellitus
    • Individuals with these conditions might be at higher risk for becoming seriously ill:
      • Asthma
      • Dementia and other neurologic conditions
      • Liver disease
      • Pregnancy
      • Smoking
      • Other conditions

Individuals who are or may be at higher risk should take additional precautions:

  • Stay home as much as possible. Limit your contact with others.
  • Consult your healthcare provider.
  • Contact you healthcare provider as soon as possible if you develop COVID-19 symptoms.
  • Ensure caregivers are following public health guidelines to reduce risk.

For additional information, read:

What Can I Do to Protect Myself and Others?

Practice Social Distancing

Social distancing is important to protect yourself and others. Maintain at least six feet between you and other individuals who are not members of your household. Stay home except to access or perform essential services or other allowed activities. For details, refer to the Los Angeles County Department of Public Health guidelines below:

Wear Face Coverings

Because the virus that causes COVID-19 can be spread by infected individuals who do not have symptoms, in addition to physical distancing and other protective measures, the Los Angeles Department of Public Health advises that everyone "should use a clean face covering anytime they will be in contact with other people who are not household members in public or private spaces. It is important to note that face coverings are not a substitute for always practicing physical distancing and frequent handwashing."

For additional details on face coverings, read:

For tips on how to make a face covering at home, view this video by the U.S. Surgeon General:

How to Make Your own Face Covering

General Considerations

  • Stay informed.
  • Individuals aged 65 and older and others at higher risk should stay home except for essential needs.
  • Implement social distancing.
    • Follow local public health officer orders
    • Avoid large gatherings
    • Maintain social distancing of at least six feet per person
    • Work from home, if possible - follow CDC and local public health guidelines if you have to go to work
    • Don't visit nursing homes or retirement or long-term care facilities
    • Cancel or postpone in-person events and gatherings
    • Use verbal salutations in place of handshakes and hugs
    • Avoid sharing utensils, cups, linens, and other items
    • Have ample supplies of essentials, such as water, food, hygiene products, medications, and pet food on hand
  • Wear clean cloth face coverings when obtaining or providing essential supplies and services, participating in open activities and interacting with anyone who is not a member of your household.
  • Adhere to travel guidelines and restrictions.

For additional information, read:

What Should I Do if I Plan to Participate (or Have Participated) in a Public Demonstration?

Individuals who plan to participate in public demonstrations or have participated in demonstrations may be at increased risk of getting or spreading COVID-19. Consider all recommended risk reduction guidelines:

For additional information, read:

What Should I Do if I Plan To Travel or Am Traveling?

Travel Considerations: In the U.S. or Elsewhere

Sick individuals should not travel.

If you plan to travel outside of your local community, the CDC recommends you consider the following:

  • The spread of COVID-19 in your community (you may have it), stops along the way/at your destination (you may spread it or get infected).
  • Ability to maintain social distancing.
  • Risk to travelers or those travelers live with who are at higher risk of serious illness.
  • Quarantine requirements of home and destination community/state/country.
  • Impact of COVID-19 infection and required isolation on school, work, etc.

International Travel

The U.S. Department of State has issued a Global Level 4 Health Advisory - Do Not Travel. All international travel should be avoided. Those currently abroad should consider returning to their country of residence.

For Additional Information Visit:

How Do I Manage Stress?

This is a very challenging time. The following resources offer suggestions for managing stress:

Additional resources are available at:

What are Coronaviruses?

Coronaviruses are a family of viruses that infect a variety of animal species. Bats, birds, camels, cats, and other animals are hosts to coronaviruses. They are also common causes of infection in people.

In humans, coronaviruses can cause mild to severe illness. For example, coronaviruses are one of the virus types that cause the common cold. A cold is generally a mild infection. In contrast, with COVID-19, the novel coronavirus causes severe illness and is responsible for hundreds of thousands of deaths.

For additional details, read the Los Angeles County Department of Public Health's Novel Coronavirus (NCoV-2019) FAQ.

What is a Novel Coronavirus?

A novel coronavirus is a newly identified virus that infects and causes illness in animals or people. The problem with any novel virus is the potential to spread through populations with little to no immunity to the virus.

Examples of other novel coronavirus outbreaks include severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS-CoV) and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS-CoV).

For additional details, read the Los Angeles County Department of Public Health's Novel Coronavirus (NCoV-2019) FAQ.

Sources: