• The Invisibility Factor: Administrators and Faculty Reach Out to First-Generation College Students by Teresa Heinz Housel and Vicky L. Harvey
  • First Generation College Students: Understanding and Improving the Experience from Recruitment to Commencement by Lee Ward, Michael J. Siegel, and Zebulun Davenport
  • The First-Generation Student Experience: Who They Are, Their Characteristics, and Strategies for Improving Their Persistence and Success by Jeff Davis
  • Make Your Home Among Strangers by Jennine Capó Crucet
  • 50 Things I Wish Someone Would Have Told Me About College: Straight Talk for First-Generation Students FROM First-Generation Graduates by Angel D. Flores, M.A.
  • First in the Family: Advice About College From First-Generation Students by Kathleen Cushman



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Barry, L. M., Hudley, C., Kelly, M., & Cho, S. (2009). Differences in self-reported disclosure of college experiences by first-generation college student status. Adolescence, 44(173), 55-68.

Beattie, I. R., & Thiele, M. (2016). Connecting in class? college class size and inequality in academic social capital. Journal of Higher Education, 87(3), 332-362.

BLACKWELL, E., & PINDER, P. J. (2014). What are the motivational factors of first-generation minority college students who overcome their family histories to pursue higher education? College Student Journal, 48(1), 45-56.

Collier, P., & Morgan, D. (2008). “Is that paper really due today?”: Differences in first-generation and traditional college students’ understandings of faculty expectations. Higher Education, 55(4), 425-446. doi:10.1007/s10734-007-9065-5

Cushman, K. (2007). Facing the culture shock of college. Educational Leadership, 64(7), 44-47.

Ecklund, K. (2012). First-generation college students in christian academia. part 1: Academic and local church collaboration in the preparation of diverse students. Christian Higher Education, 11(5), 331-341. doi:10.1080/15363759.2011.598376

Ecklund, K. (2013). First-generation social and ethnic minority students in christian universities: Student recommendations for successful support of diverse students. Christian Higher Education, 12(3), 159-180. doi:10.1080/15363759.2011.598377

Eitel, S. J., & Martin, J. (2009). First-generation female college students' financial literacy: Real and perceived barriers to degree completion. College Student Journal, 43(2), 616-630.

Fischer, M. J. (2007). Settling into campus life: Differences by race/ethnicity in college involvement and outcomes. Journal of Higher Education, 78(2), 125-161.

Francis, T. A., & Miller, M. T. (2008). Communication apprehension: Levels of first-generation college students at 2-year institutions. Community College Journal of Research & Practice, 32(1), 38-55. doi:10.1080/10668920701746688

Gibbons, M. M., & Borders, L. D. (2010). Prospective first-generation college students: A social-cognitive perspective. Career Development Quarterly, 58(3), 194-208.

Gibbons, M. M., Pelchar, T. K., & Cochran, J. L. (2012). Gifted students from low-education backgrounds. Roeper Review, 34(2), 114-122. doi:10.1080/02783193.2012.660685

Gibbons, M. M., & Woodside, M. (2014). Addressing the needs of first-generation college students: Lessons learned from adults from low-education families. Journal of College Counseling, 17(1), 21-36. doi:10.1002/j.2161-1882.2014.00045.x

Glass, C. R., Gesing, P., Hales, A., & Cong, C. (2017). Faculty as bridges to co-curricular engagement and community for first-generation international students. Studies in Higher Education, 42(5), 895-910. doi:10.1080/03075079.2017.1293877

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Hurd, N. M., Tan, J. S., & Loeb, E. L. (2016). Natural mentoring relationships and the adjustment to college among underrepresented students. American Journal of Community Psychology, 57(3), 330-341. doi:10.1002/ajcp.12059

Inkelas, K. K., Daver, Z. E., Vogt, K. E., & Leonard, J. (2007). Living–Learning programs and first-generation college students’ academic and social transition to college. Research in Higher Education, 48(4), 403-434. doi:10.1007/s11162-006-9031-6

Jenkins, S. R., Belanger, A., Connally, M. L., Boals, A., & Durón, K. M. (2013). First-generation undergraduate students' social support, depression, and life satisfaction. Journal of College Counseling, 16(2), 129-142. doi:10.1002/j.2161-1882.2013.00032.x

Le, V., Mariano, L., & Faxon-Mills, S. (2016). Can college outreach programs improve college readiness? the case of the college bound, st. louis program. Research in Higher Education, 57(3), 261-287. doi:10.1007/s11162-015-9385-8

Lightweis, S. (2014). The challenges, persistence, and success of white, working-class, first-generation college students. College Student Journal, 48(3), 461-467.

Longmire-Avital, B., & MILLER-DYCE, C. (2015). Factors related to perceived status in the campus community for first generation students at an hbcu. College Student Journal, 49(3), 375-386.

Marschall, S., & Davis, C. (2012). A conceptual framework for teaching critical reading to adult college students. Adult Learning, 23(2), 63-68. doi:10.1177/1045159512444265

Moschetti, R. V., & Hudley, C. (2015). Social capital and academic motivation among first-generation community college students. Community College Journal of Research & Practice, 39(3), 235-251. doi:10.1080/10668926.2013.819304

O’Shea, S. (2015). Filling up silences—first in family students, capital and university talk in the home. International Journal of Lifelong Education, 34(2), 139-155. doi:10.1080/02601370.2014.980342

Owens, D., Lacey, K., Rawls, G., & Holbert- Quince, J. (2010). First-generation african american male college students: Implications for career counselors. Career Development Quarterly, 58(4), 291-300.

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Ramos-Sánchez, L., & Nichols, L. (2007). Self efficacy of first-generation and non-first-generation college students: The relationship with academic performance and college adjustment. Journal of College Counseling, 10(1), 6-18.

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Rubin, M., & Wright, C. (2015). Age differences explain social class differences in students' friendship at university: Implications for transition and retention. Higher Education, 70(3), 427-439. doi:10.1007/s10734-014-9844-8

Schwartz, S. J., Waterman, A. S., Umaña-Taylor, A. J., Lee, R. M., Kim, S. Y., Vazsonyi, A. T., . . . Williams, M. K. (2013). Acculturation and well-being among college students from immigrant families. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 69(4), 298-318. doi:10.1002/jclp.21847

Schwitzer, A. M. (2008). College student health, mental health, and well-being. Journal of College Counseling, 11(2), 99-100.

Smith, J. M., & Lucena, J. C. (2016). Invisible innovators: How low-income, first-generation students use their funds of knowledge to belong in engineering. Engineering Studies, 8(1), 1-26. doi:10.1080/19378629.2016.1155593

Stebleton, M. J., Soria, K. M., & Huesman, R. L. (2014). First-generation students' sense of belonging, mental health, and use of counseling services at public research universities. Journal of College Counseling, 17(1), 6-20. doi:10.1002/j.2161-1882.2014.00044.x

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