Carole Srole

Dr. Carole Srole
College of Natural & Social Sciences
Department of History
Office Location: KH A4028
Phone: 343-323-2027 Email: [email protected]

Carole Srole
Department of History

Office: King Hall A4028
 Phone: 323-343-2027
 Fax: 323-343-6431
 E-mail: csrole (at)


Ph.D., History, UCLA, 1984


Transcribing Class and Gender book cover
Transcribing Class and Gender: Masculinity and Femininity in Nineteenth-Century Courts and Offices (University of Michigan Press, 2009) explores the interrelationships between court reporters, business stenographers, and typewriter girls in the nineteenth-century United States through the language of class and gender.  In an examination of changing discourse about male and female office and court workers, Transcribing Class and Gender investigates themes about marriage, beauty, fashion, degraded labor, ambition, contradictions of respectability, and the language of professionalism.  The study also looks at relationships between classes, the New Woman and the New Man, and unions and professional organizations. Transcribing Class and Gender reveals how these men and women blended elements of contemporary notions of manhood and womanhood, but the balance changed between the middle and end of the century. By 1900 the conversations about women and men in offices and courts developed stock characters that would continue to attract and plague office and court workers well into the twentieth century.   

 History articles and chapters in Journal of Family History, California Sociologist, and Korean Women in Transition, long encyclopedia entries on clerical women and working women.

 Articles on teaching in Perspectives: On History, the History Teacher and elsewhere.

In another project that looks at class crossings and blurring as framed by gender, I am currently working on a study of marriages between “millionaires” and working-class women in the early twentieth century.  This study examines media characterizations as well the marriages themselves.

As a U.S. historian, I am interested in how the meanings of class and gender have interrelated and changed in the past two hundred years.

 Women and Womanhood (History 3570, History 4860)

 Manhood (History 3570 and grad classes)

 Class and the Working Class (History 4870: Working Peoples; History 4830: 
 History of Poverty and Anti-Poverty Movements)

 Social and Cultural History (History 4770)   

 Late-Nineteenth and Early-Twentieth Century/Gilded and Progressive Eras 
 (History 4730)

 Consumerism (varied classes)

 Historiography (History 3808)

 Capstone for History Majors with a Teaching Option (History 498)
 Various other classes: History 4900, 5770, 5950, 2010, 2020

Eugene Asher Distinguished Teaching Award, American Historical Association, 2006.

 California State University at Los Angeles Outstanding Professor, 1994-1995.

President of Western Association of Women Historians (WAWH), 2009-2011.