A General Survey of Ningbo Ningbo
is located at the middle part of China's coastline and south flank of the Yangtze
River Delta, bordering on Shanghai and Hangzhou.
Ningbo is one of the cities opening up to the outside world, an independently
planning-city enjoying the same rights as those of a provincial government in
economic management, "a large city" entitled to formulate local laws
and regulations, and a famous historic city with rich cultural heritage. It covers
an area of 9,365 sq.km and has a population of 5.41 million. The jurisdiction
of Ningbo City encompasses three counties (Yingxian, Xiangshan and Ninghai), three
county-level cities (Yuyao, Cixi and Fenghua) and five urban districts (Haishu,
Jiangdong, Jiangbei, Zhenhai and Beilun).
Ningbo boasts a long history. It is the birthplace of the "Neolithic
Hemudu Culture" dating back more than 7,000 years. Ningbo has been a well-known
key port for foreign trade ever since ancient time. Ningbo ranked with Yangzhou
and Guangzhou as the three biggest ports for foreign trade in Tang Dynasty and
with Guangzhou and Quanzhou in Song Dynasty. After the First Opium War, Ningbo
had been opened as one of the five commercial ports opened. Ningbo
port has become one of the important ports in China. Its cargo handling capacity
reached 115,47 million tonnages in 2000, ranking second among the ports in the
mainland of China, and its container handling capacity amounted to 900,000 TEU.
Enjoying sound conditions for economics development, the social economy
of Ningbo has been developed rapidly since opening up to the outside world. In
2000, the city GDP reached 119 billion RMB yuan, the GDP per capita 22,078 RMB
yuan, the revenue 14.31 billion RMB yuan .The average disposable income of urban
dwellers grew to 10,921 RMB yuan and the net income of peasants climbed to 5,069
RMB yuan. Ningbo's Comprehensive strength ranked the 27th in the 219 cities in
China. Nowadays, Ningbo has become an important industrial city and foreign trade
port in east China, a key city and chemical industrial base in Yangtze Delta and
an economic center of Zhejiang Province.
Ningbo enjoys subtropical monsoon climate featuring mild temperature, moderate
humidity and distinctive seasons. The city is an ideal tourist place with culture
monuments and historical sites.
Ningbo has great potentialities in development. By the year 2010, Ningbo
will be built into a modernized socialist international port city with strong
economic strength, further opening, advanced science and culture, comfortable
life, fine social morality and beautiful environment.