Development Plan--Housing Construction--Old City
Renovation--Road Construction--Bridge Construction--Public
Water Supply & Drainage--City
Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG)--Gardening & Planting--Environment
City Development Plan
new edition of Ningbo's general city development plan was completed in 1995, it
was approved by Zhejiang People's Government in November 1997, and approved by
the National Council in July 1997. The stages of the new general plan: Short term
form 1995 to 2000, long term from 2001 to 2010, the prospective outlooks till
the middle of 21st century. The plan covers three levels: the urban area is 9,365
square kilometers, planed city area is 1,965 square kilometers. The key points
of the central city plan which covers an area of 350 square kilometers including
San Jiang, Beilun and Zhenhai. Further study the population and land utilizing
scale in the city, reasonably adjust the outline and structure of land utilization
in the city, pay attention to the ecological environment construction in the city,
well adjust the coast line and landmark of the port city, perfect the transportation
network and further study the water resources.
The new edition of general
city development plan confirm the nature of Ningbo as a city: The important industrial
base and foreign trade port in East China, the economic center in south part of
Yangtze Delta and historical & cultural city of national level, the key international
deep water port of Shanghai International Shipping Center and the international
The new general plan confirmed 4 objectives for the city's
development: First is the general development objective, which is the 15-year
strategic objective. The main index of Ningbo's social economic development to
reach the level of current medium developed countries, to be highly industrialized,
urban modernized, economic outside connected, economic market-oriented, and achieve
obvious improvement in economy, society and environment. "Boom the city by
port, promote the port by city", to turn Ningbo into an international modern
port city which is powerful in economy, highly open to the outside world, well-developed
in science & culture, rich in people's life, good in the social morale and
beautiful in the environment. Second is the economic development objective, basically
make it the economic center in the south part of Yangtze Delta in 2000, the GDP
to be 130 billion RMB Yuan, 23,600 Yuan per person, the port handling capacity
to be 0.1 billion tons, and the third industry takes 36% of the GNP; by 2010 the
port handling capacity to be 0.2 billion tons and the third industry takes over
50% of the GNP. Third is the social development objective, to set up an all-round
social security system with high spiritual civilization and harmonious development
of people with the environment. Fourth is the urban construction & development
objective, to complete the systematic network of four levels: central city-sub-central
city-central town -regular town within the urban area. Construct the urban infrastructure
according to the high standard, to build up a highly efficient modern urban management
system, keep the urban ecological balance and improve the environment quality.
By 2000, the percentage of urbanization to be 50%, by 2010 to be 65%, basically
shape the international modern port city within 30 years. To improve the housing
standard, guarantee the people's high-quality living standard, at least 15 square
meters for each person; to build up a modern, safe, efficient and comfortable
urban transportation system by enlarging the Lishe Airport (it will be constructed
according to the 4E standard in the future), make Beilun port the ocean-going
container transferring hub of Shanghai International Shipping Center. To create
a good urban ecological environment, improve the urban green land, the average
green land for each person to be no less than 10 square meters.
order to suit the need of economic construction and social development, the new
edition of the general urban development plan was presented in 2000. "One
big, five medium and fifteen small" city & town outline was basically
set up, the old part of the city was renovated, the short-term construction project
and the traffic plan was completed, and the downtown parking lot plan was modified.
According to the outline of city & town, all the counties (cities) compiled
their own city & town plan. By the end of November, 2000, the city & town
plan of Yuyao, Cixi, Fenghua, Ninghai and Xiangshan was approved by the government,
and the general development plan of the above five cities as sub-central cities
was also approved by the provincial & municipal government one after another.
1980s, the high season for the housing building started in Ningbo. By 2000, 5.5
billions RMB yuan was invested in the real estate development. The area for new
building in construction and sold in advance reached 2,250,000 square meters and
3,500,000 respectively. There are more than 20 living quarters above 100,000 square
meters and more than 60 above 50,000 square meters which is built or being built.
The average housing space for one person increased form 5.6 square meters in 1986
to 15.3 square meters at present. The housing shortage was obviously eased.
In recent years, the housing construction focus on the environment, auxiliary
project and property management, the environment of the living quarters are more
beautiful and comfortable.
Old City Renovation
old city renovation plan was implemented form 1988 in Ningbo. Till now 3,780,000
square meters old house were pulled down, 19,780,000 square meters new houses
were completed, out of which 15,600,000 are living quarters. A batch of living
quarters with complete facilities were built up. The number for high buildings
under construction are over 300.
The old city renovation based on the
road construction, the image construction focus on the planting around the city
center, three rivers and six banks and the main entrance, which made Ningbo take
a new look. At present, the building is higher, road is wider, ground is green,
night is brighter and Ningbo is more beautiful than ever.
Till now, dozens of main road were
built in Ningbo, the total length is about 700 kilometers, which cover an area
of 8,500,000 square meters. In 2000, the construction of east round city road
and Tong Tu Road started, Zhong Shan Road was widen. A road network suits the
need of city development was basically set up. At present, the flow of people
and vehicles speeded up and less traffic noise were heard, and road situation
are rivers across the Ningbo city, Fenhua River, Yuyao River and Yong River join
together at the downtown area. After 1949, 22 large bridges include Xinjiang Bridge
, Jiefang Bridge, the bridge for railway over Fenhua River, Xinning Bridge, Yuyao
river Bridge, Yong river Bridge and Jiangxia Bridge, etc were built up. The Yong
River Tunnel was put into operation formally in December, 1995. The Zhaobao Mountain
Bridge which connects Zhenhai with Beilun is under construction. The old Lingqiao
Bridge was renovated to be more widen. Several overhead walkway and overpass were
built. The construction for Tongtu Bridge and Da Ni Sha Bridge started in 2000.
There are 230 large and small bridges in the downtown area in Ningbo.
By the end of 2000, there are
altogether more than 70 public traffic routes, cover a total length of 669 km;
1312 vehicles for transportation, handling capacity is 620,000 per person/time,
there are 18.66 vehicles for every 10,000 people.
The cities and counties
administrated by Ningbo also open up the traffic routes. Beside that, there are
over 3,100 taxies in Ningbo.
Water Supply & Drainage
Since 1949, several reservoirs
were built up in Ningbo, which guarantee the water resources for the city. There
are 6 waterworks in the downtown area, with a daily production ability of 1,321,200
cubic meters. The average daily water supply for one person is 257.82 litres ;
which covers 590 square kilometers city planned area and over 1,200,000 population.
100% of the city area have the water supply. The density of the drainage pipe
are 16.42 km per square kilometers, with a length of 1,439 km, the drainage ability
is greatly improved.
City Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG)
Since the establishing
of Zhenhai Petroleum Chemistry Works (Present Name is Zhenhai Petroleum Chemistry
Holdings Company), the development of civilian LPG using started. 13 LPG tanks
with total capacity of 3,900 cubic meters were built up. 13.2 km gas pipe from
Zhenhai Petroleum Chemistry Works to Kongpu was set up. The Ningbo LPG company
owns 16 LPG tanks, 9 LPG supplying station and the total storage capacity is 4,500
The total amount of LPG reached 190,000 tons at present, with 260,000
users in the city, 100% area of the city is using LPG now.
Gardening & Planting
Since the 9th Five-year plan,
the gardening and planting became a very important work in Ningbo. By 1996, more
than 30 hectares land was made green. 36.83 hectares land was made green in 1997
and 70 hectares land was made green in 1998, and the Zhong Shan Square was built
up at the same time; the Moon Lake Garden was renovated in 1999 with investment
of 0.6 billions RMB yuan; several planting projects were implemented in 2000.
In order to make the 3 rivers and 6 banks more beautiful, the green land in the
downtown area in creased by 150 hectares.
So far there are 502.19 hectares
public green land in Ningbo, average 7.14 square meters per person. The area with
planting is 33.52% and green land takes 29.11%. There are more than 40 gardens
in the city, which placed a solid foundation for being the national garden city.
In recent years, in order to
promote the environment protection work, the system of job responsibility for
the chief of city and county in Ningbo was set up .
The quality of environment
in Ningbo down town area is greatly improved. So far noise control in 57.93 square
kilometers area is up to the standard. The smoke/dust control area is 100%. There
are thousands sewage treatment works, 35.92% sewage were treated. There are 487
public toilets in the city; 1,739 tons of daily life garbage was handled, the
daily treatment ability are 1,501 tons per day. At the same time, the ecological
environment was actively promoted. The utilization of methane in Li Jia Village
in Yin County and the solid agriculture in Ten Ton Village in Fenghua was praised
by the national environment department, it was entitled the "500 best of
the world" by the environmental department of the United Nation.