CSLA: Theodore S. Bell


 

 
 

Introduction 

Education 

Professional Experience 

Grants and 
Contracts 

Affiliations 
Service 
and Awards 

Thesis and 
Doctorate 

Publications Presentations 
and Videos 
 
 



 

Link to CSLA  
Graduate Program 
in COMD 

Link to CSLA  
Undergraduate Program 
in COMD 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

School of Natural Social Sciences 

Department of Psychology 

Theodore S. Bell, Ph.D. 
Professor of Psychology


CAMPUS LOCATION: 

Office:  KH-C3058
Phone: (323) 343-5060
Email:   tbell2@calstatela.edu 
FAX:    (323) 343-2281

Address Correspondence to: 
Theodore S. Bell, Ph.D. 
Department of Psychology
King Hall 3104
5151 State University Drive 
Los Angeles, CA 90032-8170


OFFICE HOURS: 

Call for Appointment

HHS advising:
 

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INTRODUCTION 

Dr. Bell joined the CSLA Faculty as a Professor of Communucation Disorders in September of 1998.   Current reserach is funded by a Contract from the Veteran Administration Research and Development Award Program to study speech intelligibility problems of individuals with hearing-impairment. 


EDUCATION  

B.M.  Music     University of Louisville, 1977. 
PostBac  Physics  (BS equivalent)    University of Louisville,  1977-1979. 
M.A.   Experimental Psychology  University of Louisville, 1981. 
Ph.D.   Cognitive Psychology  University of California, Los Angeles, 1986. 
   specializing in speech perception, psychoacoustics, and quantitative methods. 

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PROFESSIONAL  EXPERIENCE  

9/98      

Professor, CSLA School of Health & Human Services, 
                    Department of Communication Disorders. 
7/95 - 9/98  Associate Professor, UCLA School of Medicine, 
                    Dept. of Surgery. 
7/87 - 7/95  Assistant Professor,  In Residence, UCLA School of Medicine, 
                    Department of Surgery. 
9/88,  9/95   Lecturer,  UCLA Department of Psychology. 
8/89 - 8/90  Visiting Professor, Indiana University, Department of Psychology 
    Visiting Scientist, Institute for the Study of Human Capabilities: 
    Multi-sensory Laboratory, Indiana University, 
    Dept. Speech & Hearing Sciences, Charles Watson, Director. 
    Visiting Scientist, Speech Research Laboratory, Indiana University, 
    Department of Psychology, David Pisoni, Director. 
6/86 - 6/87  Research Psychologist, UCLA Department of Surgery, 
                    Human Auditory Laboratory, Donald Dirks, Director. 
8/85- 8/98   Consultant, clients include: 
                    Wyle Labs,  National Institute of Occupational Safety, 
                    Veteran Hospital Mountain Home,  Nicolet Instruments. 
4/83 - 6/86  Staff Research Associate,  UCLA Dept. of Surgery, 
                    Human Auditory Laboratory, Donald Dirks, Director. 
5/82 - 4/83  Engineer, Litton Industries, Testing and Evaluation Directorate. 
9/81 - 4/83  Teaching Associate,  UCLA Department of Psychology. 
6/82 - 9/82  Programmer,  UCLA Department of Psychology. 
7/81 -  9/81 Research Assistant, UCLA Dept. of Psychology, Perceptual Systems 
                    Laboratory,  Edward Carterette, Director. 
9/80 - 5/81  Instructor,  University of Louisville, University College. 
9/80 - 6/81  Research Fellow,  Department of Psychology, University of Louisville. 
9/79 - 5/80  Teaching Associate, Department of Psychology, University of Louisville. 
9/78 - 6/79  Research Assistant, Department of Psychology, University of Louisville. 
                    Michael Loeb, Director. 

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EXTRAMURAL & INTRAMURAL GRANT SUPPORT  

Department of Veteran Affairs 
"Evaluation of Word Recognition Performance: Speech Intelligibility in Fluctuating Noise;"
1998-2001, $528,000,   Principal Investigator 

NIH/NIA    "Receptive Communication Problems of the Elderly" 
1 R29 AG08959-01A1;  1991-1997, $350,000,  Principal Investigator 

Department of Veteran Affairs 
"Evaluation of Word Recognition Performance Using Sentence Materials" 
1992-1995, $345,000 ,  Principal Investigator 

Department of Veteran Affairs 
"Evaluation of Word Recognition Performance Using Sentence Materials" 
1995-1998    Principal Investigator $290.000

NRSA/NIDCD   "Training Program in Phonetics and Speech" 
T32;  1995-1999   Participating Faculty (PI: Peter Ladefoged) 

NIH/NIDCD   "Perceptual Judgements of Voice Quality" 
1992-1997   Co-Investigator (PI: Bruce Gerratt) 

NIH/NIA   "Dizziness in Older People" 
1 R01 AG09693-01;  1991-1996, $1,793,500, Co-Investigator (PI: Robert Baloh, MD) 

NIH/NIDCD   "Otoneurologic and Vestibular Clinical and Basic Research" 
DC01404-02;  1994-1996   Co-Investigator (PI: Vicente Honrubia, MD) 

NIH, USPHS  "Suprathreshold Auditory Behavior" 
NS09713;  1986-1993, $950,000,  Co-investigator (PI: Donald D. Dirks, Ph.D.) 

NIOSH currently in review, "Special Populations Affected by Noise."
submitted November 1999, $1,002,000 requested, Principal Investigator
 

Intramural Grants:

- CSU Lottery Grant, HHS (1998),  “Instructional Instrumentation for Teaching Communication Disorders," $7500.

- CSU Innovative Instruction Award (1999) for "Using instructional technology as a vehicle for coordinated multi-campus speech and hearing science curriculum development," $4731.

- Hope For Hearing Foundation (1990) Support for Research., $3000

- Victor Goodhill ear Center (1998) Support, $8000.

- UCLA, Academic Senate Research Grant (1988), "Speech Communication Errors among Elderly Listeners," $500.

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AFFILIATIONS, SERVICE & AWARDS 

Professional Service:
- American National Standards Institute Committee ANSI S3.9-1969, Calculation of the Articulation Index, 1989-
- Consultant to the National Institute of Occupational Safety and  Health (NIOSH), 1988.
- Victor Goodhill Ear Center, member, 1990-1998
- UCLA Center on Aging, Faculty Associate, 1993-98
- Roybal Gerontology Center, Faculty Associate, 1998- pres

Academic Service CSLA (after September 1998):
- Communication  Disorders Department  Principal Undergraduate Advisor, 1999-pres
- Communication  Disorders Department FSQ+ Advisor 1999-pres
- Communication Disorders Instructional Technology Representative, 1999-pres 
- School of HHS Undergraduate Committee (Vice Chair, 1998-99, 1999-2000)
- School of HHS WASC Technical Subcommittee (1999)
- University Faculty Policy Committee (sub 1 year, 1998-99)
- University Faculty Policy Committee (elected 3 yr term, 1999-2002)
- Non-School Lottery Committee (1999)
- HHS School-level advisor, Advising and Outreach Center (AOC) F-99, W-00

Academic Service UCLA (prior to 1998):
 - Resident Evaluation, ad hoc, Hd & Neck Surgery, 1996
- Curriculum Committee, Head & Neck Surgery, 1994-98
- Tenure & Promotions Committee, Head & Neck Surgery, 1994
- Emergency Coordinator, Rehabilitation Building, 1991-98
- Resident Research Committee, Hd & Nk Surgery, 1990-96
- Awards Committee, Head & Neck Surgery, 1991-92
- Faculty Evaluation, ad hoc, Head & Neck Surgery, 1992
- Business Enterprises, Architectural Review Board, 1992-96
 
Community Service:
- provided free hearing evaluations for senior citizens, 1993-1998 at MaHood Center in West LA, Horizons House in  Westwood, Rehabilitation Center in Westwood, and the Jewish Home for the Aging in Van Nuys.
- Westland School Bel Air, CA: Extramural Grants Committee, 1991-93, chair; Endowment Committee, 1992-93; 
 Board of Trustees, 1991-93
- St. Paul the Apostle Church: Secretary, 1997-98;  President, 1998-99; Council, 1999-2000; Outreach, 2000
- Notre Dame High School,  Sherman Oaks, CA, Clinic Instructor, Audio Consultant, 1996- pres.

Editorial Consulting: 
 - Journal of the Acoustical Society of America.
- Journal of Speech and Hearing Research.
- Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders.
- Perception and Psychophysics.
 - Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.
- Music Cognition.
- Music Perception.
- Ear & Hearing
 
Past or Current Affiliations:
 - American Auditory Society
- American Psychological Society.
- American Speech-Language-Hearing Association.
 - Acoustical Society of America, Associate member. 
- Los Angeles Acoustical Society.
- Sigma Xi.
 
Awards:
- Special Performance Award, Department of Surgery, UCLA, 1985. 
- Commendation for outstanding performance, Department of Psychology, University of Louisville, 1979, 1980.
- University Fellowship, awarded by the University of Louisville, $5000,  Graduate Division, 1979. 
- Scholarship, University of Louisville, 1972-1976. (four years tuition)

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TEACHING 

Courses Taught at CSLA:
HHS 101: Introduction to Higher Education, enrollment of 34 students, F-99
HHS 101: Introduction to Higher Education, enrollment of 18 students, W-00
COMD 504: Psychoacoustics, enrollment of 18 students, W-99
COMD 510: Audiologic Instrumentation, enrollment of 18 students,  Sp-99; Sp-00
COMD 401: Acoustics, enrollment of 28 students, Su-99; Su-00
COMD 462A:  Speech Science - Anatomy & Physiology, enrollment 38 students, W-00
COMD 458: Research Methods, Su-00
COMD 462B: Speech Science - Neuroanatomy, enrollment 38 students, Sp-00
COMD 599: Thesis, enrollment 1 student, W-98, 
COMD 598: Graduate Directed Study,   Adam Lin, Sp-99, Su-99; Joyce Wang, F-99, W-00; 
Charity Herrera, Sp-99
COMD 499: Undergraduate Directed Study,  Carmen Morris, F-99; W-00

Master's, Doctoral and Post-Doctoral Sponsorship:
- Co-sponsor (with D. Dirks, D. Morgan) for NIH Clinical Investigator Development Award (CIDA): Laurie Eisenberg, Ph.D. "Adaptive strategies to select hearing aids for children." 1992

- Sponsor for NIH undergraduate traineeship, Head & Neck Surgery, 1993, Kenneth White (Engineering),  "Thresholds for tones in fluctuating noise."

- UCLA Master's Thesis:  Richard Wright, Linguistics,  "Trading  Relations among speech cues", certifying member, 1992.

- UCLA Doctoral Dissertation:  Dani Byrd, Linguistics, "Articulatory Timing in English consonant sequences", certifying member, 1992.

- UCLA Doctoral Dissertation:  Richard Wright, Linguistics,  certifying member, 1994.

- CSLA Master’s Thesis Committee Chair, Adam Lin, “Reliability and Validity of the Veteran’s Administration Speech Test.”

Seminars taught in the Basic Science Series - UCLA Head & Neck Surgery (1986-1998):
 - Background for Audiometry (R3 series)
- Psychoacoustic Foundations of Clinical Audiology
- Presbycusis
- Descriptive Statistics for the Biomedical Sciences
 - Experimental Design and Philosophy of Science
- Inferential Methods and Statistics 
- Scientific Writing and Evaluation
- Epidemiology of Menieres Disease
 
Courses taught at the undergraduate level at UCLA, Indiana University, and the University of Louisville: 
 - Introductory Psychology (79, 80, 81, 90)
- Research Laboratory Methods (1981,82,83,89,90) 
- Behavioral Statistics (1990)
- Cognitive Psychology (1987, 88, 89, 90, 91)
- Independent Study - Surgery 199 (1993, 94)
 
Other Lectures:
- UCLA Extension, "Auditory Rehabilitation and Aging", 1993, 1995.
- UCLA Social Welfare, "Speech Problems of the Elderly", 1994,1995.
- UCLA Board Review Course in Geriatric Medicine, "Audiologic Assessment," 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997.
- Mount St. Mary's Dept of Psychology, "Presbycusis",  1997.
- UCLA School of Public Health, "Noise Exposure", 1995, 1996
- Roybal Gerontology Center, " Understanding Receptive Communication Problems of Older Adults." 1999
 
Other Teaching-Related Activities:
- Student Club Sponsor - National Student Speech-Hearing-Language Association (NSSHLA)  1998-pres
- Student Club Mentor - Audiology Graduate Council, "AGC"  1998-pres
- Comprehensive Examination Reader in multiple topic areas in Communication Disorders. 1998-1999.
- attended 10/98 “Using OASIS for Advisement” 
- attended 10/98 “On-Course Training for Advisors”  Karen Johnson
- Faculty Sponsor for Graduate Student Adam Lin, CSU Research Competition, “Reliability of Clinical Measures of Speech Intelligibility.” 
- Faculty sponsor for Graduate student, Adam Lin, who successfully competed for the Zeta Phi Eta scholarship award.
- Developed an instructional course in using SPSS (statistical analysis) for students in research classes. 
- Seminars attended at the Center for Effective Teaching and Learning: 
10/98  “Statistical Resources available for Classroom Instruction” 
10/98  “Using Instructional Technology in the Classroom 
11/98  “Using Audio Files in Web Pages” 
1/99-3/99 CETL Mentoring Program
 - Bruel & Kjaer Seminars on "Frequency Analysis and Sound Level Measurements"
- Zeta Phi Eta scholarship award banquet honoring two CSLA student research projects, Adam Lin 
        & Joyce Wang, Nov, 1999.
- CSU Research Competition Awards Banquet with Graduate Student Adam Lin, May, 1999
- attended President's Distinguished Professor Lecture, 1999, Timothy Steele, "Teaching & Scholarship at CSLA: Vocation and Avocation."
- Member of the Technology subcommittee of the WASC accreditation team from HHS, F-98, Sp-99
- Speaker/exhibitor at the Health Careers Day, Council of Health Related Programs, CSLA, May 1999 
- UCLA Head & Neck Surgery Colloquium,"Physiologic Measures of peripheral and Central Auditory Processing" with J. Hall, Ph.D, Jan 2000
- Workshop on "Fifty Ways to Leave Your Lecturn - Active Learning Strategies to Engage First-Year Students"  with Constance Staley, Ph.D., Wadsworth Publishers, Newport Beach Marriott, CA, Dec 1999
- Loma Linda Communication Disorders Department, "Distance Learning in COMD Pedagogy," 1999.

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MASTER'S AND DOCTORAL THESES 

"The Effects of Cognitive Style on Auditory Backward Masking Performance." Master's Thesis, 1981, University of Louisville (chair, Michel Loeb). 

"Models and Analysis of Confusions Among English Consonants."  Doctoral Dissertation, University of California, Los Angeles (chair, Edward C. Carterette). 

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SCIENTIFIC PUBLICATIONS  

Kamm, C.A., Dirks, D.D., & Bell, T.S. (1985).  Speech recognition and the articulation index for normal and hearing-impaired listeners.  Journal of the Acoustical Society of America,  77(1), 281-288.

Rowland, J.R., Dirks, D.D., Dubno, J.R., & Bell, T.S.  (1985).  Comparison of speech recognition in noise and quiet: subjective communication assessment.  Ear and Hearing, 6(6), 291-296. 

Bell, T.S., Dirks, D.D., Levitt, H., & Dubno, J.R. (1986).  Log-linear modeling of consonant confusion data.  Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 79(2), 518-525. 

Dirks, D.D., Bell, T.S., Rossman, R.N., & Kincaid, G.E. (1986).  The Articulation Index applied to contextually dependent words.  Journal of the Acoustical Society of America,  80(1), 82-92. 

Humes, L.E., Dirks, D.D., Bell, T.S., Ahlstrom, C., & Kincaid, G.E. (1986).  Application of the Articulation Index  and the Speech Transmission Index to the recognition of speech by normal and hearing-impaired listeners.  Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 29, 447-462. 

Humes, L.E., Dirks, D.D., Bell, T.S., & Kincaid, G.E. (1987).  Recognition of nonsense syllables by hearing-impaired listeners and by noise-masked normal listeners.  Journal of the Acoustical Society of America.  81(3), 765-773. 

Newman, A., Honrubia, V. & Bell, T.S.  (1987).  Regeneration of the eighth cranial nerve. II. Physiologic  verification in the bullfrog.  Laryngoscope,  97(10), 1219-32. 

Trapp, T.K., Berke, G.A., Bell, T.S., Hanson, D. & Ward, P. (1988).  The effects of vocal cord augmentation on  laryngeal vibration in simulated recurrent laryngeal nerve paralysis: a study of teflon and phonogel.  Annals of Otology, Rhinology & Laryngology, 98(3), 220-227.

Bell, T.S., Dirks, D.D, & Kincaid, G.E. (1989).  Closed-set effects in English consonant confusion patterns.  Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 32(4), 944-948.

Trapp,T., Berke, G., & Bell, T.S. (1989).  A comparison of the  effect of teflon and phonogel on Laryngeal vibration in  simulated recurrent Laryngeal nerve paralysis.  Published Transactions of the American Laryngologic  Society, 109, 177-184

Berke, G.S., Moore, D.M, Gerratt, B.R., Hanson, D.G., Bell, T.S. & Natavidad, M. (1989).  The effect of recurrent laryngeal nerve stimulation on phonation in an in vivo canine model.  Laryngoscope, 99, 977-983.

Bell, T.S., Dirks, D.D. & Carterette, E.C. (1989).Interactive factors in consonant confusion patterns. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 85(1), 339-47. 

Bell, T.S. (1990).  Age differences in spoken word  identification: effects of lexical density and semantic  context.  Research on Speech Perception: Technical Report 15,  Speech Research Laboratory, Indiana University.

Arnstein, D.P., Berke, G.A., Trapp, T.K., Bell, T.S. & Natavidad, M. (1990).  Regional blood flow of the canine  vocal cord: the microsphere surface technique.  Otolaryngology- Head and Neck Surgery, September 103(3):371-6. 

Bell, T.S., Dirks, D.D. & Trine, T. (1992). Frequency-importance functions for words in high- and low-context sentences.  Journal of Speech and Hearing Research,  35(4).

Bell, T.S. (1992).  Lexical and semantic interactions in memory for words.  Research on Speech Perception:  Technical Report 17, Speech Research Laboratory, Indiana University.

Baloh, R.W., Fife, T., Zwerling, L., Socotch, T., Jacobsen, K., Bell, T.S., & Beykirch, K. (1993).  Comparison of static and dynamic posturography in younger and older normal people.  In review,  Journal of Gerontology. 

Kerner, M., Ross, D., Briskin, K., Wang, M., Bell, T.S., & Wackym. P. (1994).  Revised surgical indications for the pectoralis major myocutaneous flap.  Archives of Otolaryngology.

Wackym, P., Schuknecht, H.P., Ward, P.H., Linthicum, F.H., Aframian, D., Bell, T.S. (1994).  Blinded, controlled study of endolymphatic sac fibrosis in Meniere's Disease.  In Filipo R, and Barbara, M. (Eds), Procedings of the Third International Symposium on Meniere's Disease: Perspectives in the 90's, 209-215, Kugler Publications, Amsterdam/New York.

Wackym, P.A., Kerner, M.M. & Bell, T.S. (1994) Histopathology of Meniere's Disease.  In Clinical Applications of Vestibular Science, UCLA Victor Goodhill Ear Center, Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery.

Ishiyama, A., Eversol, L., Ross, D., Kerner, M., Bell, T. & Calcaterra, T. (1994)  Papillary Squamous Neoplasms of the Head & Neck.  Report published in the Proceedings of the Western Section of the Triologic Society.

Ishiyama A; Eversole LR; Ross DA; Raz Y; Kerner MM; Fu YS;  Blackwell KE; Feneneberg R; Bell TS; Calcaterra TC.  (1994)  Papillary squamous neoplasms of the head and neck.  Laryngoscope, Dec, 104(12):1446-52.
 
Baloh, R.W., Fife, T.D., Zwerling, L., Socotch, T., Jacobson, K., Bell, T.S., Beykirch, K. (1994).  Comparison of static and dynamic posturography in young and older normal people.  Journal of the American Geriatric Society, Apr, 42(4):405-12.

Wackym, P.A., Chen, C.T., Kerner, M.M. & Bell, T.S. (1994) Characterization of DNA extracted from archival celloidin-embedded human temporal bone sections.  American Journal of Otology.

Eisenberg, L., Dirks, D.D. & Bell, T.S. (1995).  Speech recognition  in amplitude-modulated noise of listeners with normal and impaired hearing.  Journal of Speech and Hearing Research,

Baloh, R.W., Jacobsen, K.M., Socotch, T.M. & Bell, T.S. (1995).  Posturographie et "Peur de Tomber" chez les sujets ages.  Facts and Research in Gerontology, p45-51. (French)

Baloh, R.W., Jacobsen, K.M., Socotch, T.M. & Bell, T.S. (1995).  Posturography and concerns about falling in older people. Facts and Research in Gerontology, p52-63.  (English companion article to the above citation).

Baloh, R.W., Spain, M., Socotch, T.M., & Bell, T.S. (1995).  Posture and balance problems in older people.  Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, June, 43(6): 638-44.

Honrubia, V.H., Bell, T.S., Harris, M.R. & Baloh, R.W. (1996)  Quantitative analysis of dizziness characteristics and impact on quality of life.  American Journal of Otology, 17:595-602.

Hennessey, J.E. & Bell, T.S. & Courtnik, R. (1996). "Lexical Confusion in simple  word processing: implications for deceptions and trade name infringement."  Procedings of Association for Business Administration, January, 1996. 

Bell, T.S. (1996).  A new measure of word recognition.  Sound and Video,  October, 14(11): 28-34.

Hennessey, J.E & Bell, T.S. & Courtnik, R. (1997).  "Lexical confusion in word processing: implications for interference."  In Western Decision Sciences Institute, Editors: Richard L. Jensen & I. Richard Johnson. 

Paiva, M.B., Saxton, R.E., Vanderwerf, Q.M., Bell, T.S.,  et al, (1997).  Cisplatinum and interstitial laser therapy for advanced head & Neck cancer patients.   Lasers in Surgery & Medicine,  vol. 21, 423-431.

Baloh, R.W., Corona, S., Jacobson,K.M., Enrietto, J.E. & Bell, T.S. (1998).  A prospective study of posturography in normal older people.  Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 46(4): 438-43.

Peterson, K.L., Graves, M., Berke, G., Bell, T.S., & Sercarz, J.A. (1999).  Role of motor unit ny=umber estimate electromyography in experimental canine laryngeal reinervation.  Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery, September, 180-184.

Bell, T.S. & Wilson, R.W. (2001).  Sentence materials controlling word usage and confusability, Journal of the American Academy of Audiology, 12(10), 514-522.

Wilson, R.W., Bell, T.S. & Koslovski, J.E. (2003).  Learning effects associated with repeated word-recognition measures using sentence materials.  Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development, Vol 40(4), 329-336.

Peterson, M.E. & Bell, T.S. (2004)  "Factors Affecting Hearing Aid Exchange and Return Rates."  Hearing Review.

Hennessey, J.E & Bell, T.S. & Courtnik, R. (2005).  Lexical interference in semantic processing of simple words: implications for brand names.  Journal of Psychology and Marketing, vol 22(1):51-69.

Bell, T.S. & Williams, T.L. (2007).  Acoustics and Pschophysics.  Chapter in Peterson, M.E.. & Bell, T.S. Foundations of Audiology: A Practical Approach. Pearson: Merrill Prentice Hall, New Jersey, pp 33-46.

Bell, T.S. & Williams, T.L. (2007).  Anatomy and Physiology of the Ear. Chapter in Peterson, M.E.. & Bell, T.S. Foundation of Audiology: A Practical Approach.  Pearson: Merrill Prentice Hall, New Jersey, pp 47-68

WORKING PAPERS:

Fisher, L., Honrubia, V, Baloh, R, Bell, T.S. & Harris, M (in review). "Aspects of anxiety associated with the diagnosis of dizziness in a clinical sample."  Psychosomatic Medicine,  in review, pending.

Bell, T.S. & Wright, R. (manuscript).  Differential masking of individual words in sentences.  Intended for Journal of the Acoustical Society of America.

Bell, T.S., Wilson, R.W., Schaefer, A.B, & Oba, S. (manuscript).  Psychometric characteristics of speech in noise with controlled lexical properties. Intended for Ear & Hearing.

Murphy, D.R., Bell, T.S. & Aryan, H.E. (manuscript).  The influence of  contextual, phonetic and lexical factors on spoken word recognition among younger and older adults. Intended for Gerontology. 

PRESENTATIONS, PUBLISHED ABSTRACTS AND INVITED PAPERS:

Bell, T.S. & Smith, R.P. (1979). Psychological attributes of musical aptitude:  A semantic differential approach.  Paper  presented at a meeting of The Southern Society of Philosophy  and Psychology,  Norfolk, VA. 

Bell, T.S., Smith, R.P., & Milsted, W. (1980).  A  factor-analytic study of musical aptitude.  Paper presented at  a meeting of The Southern Society of Philosophy and  Psychology, Birmingham, AL. 

Carterette, E., Monahan, C., Holman, E., Bell, T.S.,  & Fiske, R.  (1982).  Rhythmic and melodic structures in  perceptual space.  Invited paper presented to the Acoustical  Society of America, San Diego, CA.  Abstract: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America,  Suppl 1, 52, Fall, S11.

Bell, T.S., Dirks, D.D. & Dubno, J.R. (1984).  A new  approach to the analysis of consonant confusions.  Paper  presented at a meeting of the American Speech and Hearing  Association, San Francisco, California.  Abstract: ASHA,  26(10), 149.

Dirks, D.D., & Bell, T.S. (1984). Use of the Articulation  index with hearing-impaired subjects.  Invited paper, Veterans  Administration Symposium on Hearing, Irvine, CA. 

Humes, L.E., Dirks, D.D., Bell, T.S. & Kincaid, G.E. (1985).  On the use of masking to simulate the effects of  sensorineural hearing loss on speech recognition.  Paper presented to the Acoustical Society of America, Austin,  Texas.  Abstract: Journal of the Acoustical Society of  America, Suppl 1, 77. 

Dirks, D.D., Bell, T.S. & Humes, L.E.  (1985).  Application  of the AI model to hearing impaired listeners.  Paper  presented to the Acoustical Society of America, Austin,  Texas. Abstract: Journal of the Acoustical Society of  America,  Suppl 1, 77. 

Bell, T.S., Dirks, D.D. & Carterette, E.C. (1986).  Statistical Modeling of confusions among English consonants.  Paper presented at a meeting of the Acoustical Society of  America, 1986, Anaheim, California.  Abstract: Journal of  the Acoustical Society of America, Suppl 1, 80, S13. 

Bell, T.S., Dirks, D.D., and Carterette, E.C. (1986).  Evaluation of the band-independence assumption of the  articulation index.  Paper presented at a meeting of the  American Speech & Hearing Association, Detroit, Michigan.  Abstract: ASHA,  28(10), 72.

Bell, T.S. (1986).  Statistical hypothesis testing applied to  speech confusions using log-linear modeling.  Invited paper  Central Institute for the Deaf, St. Louis, MO.

Bell, T.S., Dirks, D.D., and Carterette, E.C.  (1986).  Effects of noise, filtering, and presentation level on CV  and VC consonant confusion patterns.  Paper presented at a  meeting of the American Speech & Hearing Association,  Detroit, Michigan.  Abstract: ASHA,  28(10), 141.

Bell, T.S. (1987)  Prediction of speech intelligibility.  Invited lecture presented to the Cognitive Psychology  Colloquium Series, Department of Psychology, University of  California, Los Angeles.

Bell, T.S., Dirks, D.D. & Kincaid, G.E. (1987).  Factors  influencing frequency-dependent importance functions for  Articulation Index calculations. Paper presented at a  meeting of the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association,  New Orleans, LA. Abstract: ASHA, 29(10), 76.

Bell, T.S., Dirks, D.D, & Kincaid, G. (1987).  Evaluation of  the Constant-Ratio Rule applied to speech errors.  Paper  presented at a meeting of the Acoustical Society of America,  1987, Indianapolis, Indiana.  Abstract: Journal of the  Acoustical Society of America, Suppl 1, 81, S3.

Bell, T.S. (1988).  Statistical analysis of consonant  confusions.  Invited paper presented to the Speech and Hearing  Sciences Department Colloquium Series, Indiana University,  Bloomington, IN.

Dirks, D.D., Bell, T.S., Trine, T.D. & Schaefer, A. (1989).  Articulation Index importance functions for contextually  dependent words.  Paper presented at a meeting of the American  Speech-Language-Hearing Association, St. Louis, MO.  Abstract:  ASHA, 31(10), 65.

Trapp,T., Berke, G., & Bell, T. (1989).  A comparison of the  effect of teflon and phonogel on Laryngeal vibration in  simulated recurrent Laryngeal nerve paralysis.  Presentation to the American Laryngologic  Society,

Bell, T.S. (1989).  Applications of log-linear models to  speech error analysis.  Invited paper presented to the  Cognitive Sciences Colloquium Series, Department of  Psychology, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

Bell, T.S.  (1989).  New Research Trends in Speech Perception  and Aging.  Paper presented at a meeting of the American  Speech-Language-Hearing Association, St. Louis, MO.  Abstract:  ASHA, 31(10), 47.

Bell, T.S., Dirks, D.D., & Trine, T.D. (1989).  The effects of  semantic context on AI importance functions.  Paper presented  at the 118th meeting of the Acoustical Society of America, St.  Louis, MO.  Abstract: Journal of the Acoustical Society of  America, supplement 1, 86, S80.

Bell, T.S. (1990).  Methods of predicting speech  intelligibility from acoustical and perceptual parameters.  Invited paper presented to the Institute for the Study of  Human Capabilities, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN. 

Dirks, D.D., Dubno, J.R., & Bell, T.S. (1990).  Problems in the  prediction of speech recognition among normal-hearing and  hearing-impaired listeners.  Invited paper presented at the  120th meeting of the Acoustical Society of America, San Diego,  CA.  Abstract: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America,  supplement 1, 87. 

Bell, T.S. (1991).  Psycho-linguistic variables affecting memory  and intelligibility of spoken words. Invited lecture presented  to the Cognitive Psychology Colloquium Series, Department of  Psychology, University of California, Los Angeles.

Bell, T.S., Dirks, D.D., and Eisenberg, L. (1992).  The effects of  amplitude-modulated noise on speech intelligibility for normal  and hearing-impaired listeners.  Invited lecture presented to  the Phonetics Colloquium Series, Department of Linguistics,  University of California, Los Angeles.

Bell, T.S., Eisenberg, L.S., & Dirks, D.D. (1992).  The effect  of amplitude-modulated noise on speech intelligibility for normal and hearing-impaired listeners.  Paper presented at the 121st meeting of the Acoustical Society of America, Salt Lake City, UT.  Abstract: Journal of the Acoustical Society, 91(6) 

Bell, T.S. & Hennessey, J.E. (1992).  Lexical and semantic  interactions in memory for monosyllabic words.  Paper  presented at a meeting of the American Psychological Society,  San Diego, CA.

Block, R.M., Berke, G., Ye, M. & Bell, T.S. (1992).  Objective  analysis of chronic laryngeal hemiplegia in an in vivo canine  model.  Paper presented at a meeting of the Association for  Research in Otolaryngology (ARO), Washington, D.C. Abstract:  Otolaryngology, Head & Neck Surgery, 107(2), pg 228.

Bell, T.S. & Schaefer, A.M. (1992).  Lexical and semantic  interactions in performance-intensity functions for words.  Poster presentation to the American Auditory Society, San  Antonio, TX, November.

Eisenberg, L.E., Dirks, D.D., Bell, T.S. & Schaefer, A.M. (1993).  Speech recognition of hearing-impaired listeners in fluctuating noise.  Paper presented at a meeting of the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, Anaheim, CA., November.  Abstract: ASHA.

Bell, T.S., Schaefer, A.M., & Wilson, R. (1993).  The effects of  hearing loss and age on lexical and semantic processes in speech perception.  Paper presented to the American Acadamy of Audiology, Phoenix, AZ.

Honrubia, V., Greenfield, A., Bell, T.S. & Lau, C. (1993).  Horizontal vestibular and vertical interaction; relationship between eye movements and subjective responses.  Paper presented to a meeting of the Society for Neuroscience.

Kerner, M., Ross, D., Briskin, K., Wang, M., Bell, T.S.,  & Wackym. P.  (1993).  Revised surgical indications for the pectoralis major myocutaneous flap.  Presentation to the American Academy of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Minneapolis, MN.

Bell, T.S., Wilson, R., Wright, R. & Stabinsky, T. (1993).  A new  word recognition test using sentence materials; I. Psychometric functions.  Paper presented to the American Acadamy of Audiology, Phoenix, AZ.  Described in Contemporary Perspectives in Hearing Assessment,  p. 46; EditorsL Frank Musiek and William Rintelmann, Allan & Bacon, 1999. 
 

Wackym, P., Schuknecht, H.P., Ward, P.H., Linthicum, F.H.,  Aframian, D., Bell, T.S. (1993).  Blinded, controlled study of endolymphatic sac fibrosis in Meniere's Disease.  Presentation to the Third International Symposium on Meniere's Disease, Rome, Italy.

Honrubia, V.H., Reiter, R.S., Bell, T.S., Harris, M.R.,  Baloh, R.W., Petersen, D., & Wackym, P.A.  (1994).  Development of a Dizziness Disability Scale.  Presentation to the 127th Meeting of the American Otologic Society, Palm Beach, FL.

Wackym, P.A., Kerner, M.M. & Bell, T.S. (1994)  Histopathology of  Meniere's Disease.  Presentation to a meeting on Clinical Applications of Vestibular Science, UCLA Victor Goodhill Ear Center.

Ishiama, A., Eversol, L., Ross, D., Kerner, M., Bell, T.S. &  Calcaterra, T. (1994)  Papillary Squamous Neoplasms of the Head & Neck.  Presented at the Western Section of the Triologic Society, La Jolla, CA.

Honrubia, V., Greenfield, A. & Bell, T.S.  (1994) Horizontal vestibular and vertical visual interaction: Relationship between eye movements and subjective responses.  Presentation to the Association for Research in Otolaryngology, St. Petersburg Beach, FL.

Bell, T.S. & Wilson, R.W. (1994).  A new clinical speech test.  Presentation to the Association for Research in Otolaryngology, St. Petersburg Beach, FL.

Eisenberg, L.E., Dirks, D.D., Bell, T.S. (1994).  Consonant  recognition in amplitude modulated noise of hearing-impaired and masked normal-hearing listeners.  Paper presented at a meeting of the Acoustical Society of America, Boston, MA June

Bell, T.S. (1994).  Acoustic and non-acoustic sources of variation  in the perception of spoken words.  Invited presentation to the Acoustical Society of America, Los Angeles Chapter, February.

Honrubia, V.H., Bell, T.S., Harris, M.R. & Baloh, R.W. & Fisher, L.  (1994). Quantitative analysis of dizziness characteristics and impact on quality of life.  Presented at the 127th Meeting of the American Otological Society, May.

Wilson, R.W. & Bell, T.S. (1994).  Test reliability of a sentence  test for speech audiometry.  Paper presented to a meeting of the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, Richmond, VA April.  Abstract: ASHA.

Bell, T.S. & Wright, R. (1995).  Differential masking of individual  words in sentences.  Paper presented to the 129th meeting of the Acoustical Society of America, Washington, D.C. Abtract: Vol 97(5), part 2.

Honrubia, V.H., Bell, T.S., Harris, M.R. & Baloh, R.W. (1995).  Quantitative analysis of dizziness characteristics and impact on quality of life.  American Neurotology Society, Palm Desert, CA, November 30.

Bell, T.S., Wilson, R.W., Schaefer, A.B, & Oba, S. (1996).  Psychometric characteristics of speech in noise with controlled lexical properties.  Paper to be presented at the American Academy of Audiology, Salt Lake City, April.

Murphy, D.R., Bell, T.S. & Aryan, H.E. (1996).  The influence of  contextual, phonetic and lexical factors on spoken word recognition among younger and older adults.  The Sixth Cognitive Aging Conference, Atlanta, GA, April.

Hennessey, J.E. & Bell, T.S. & Courtnik, R. (1996). "Lexical Confusion in simple  word processing: implications for deceptions and trade name infringement." Association for Business Administration, Aruba, January.

Kreiman, J., Garratt, B.R. & Bell, T.S. (1996).  Variability of  voice quality ratings.  Presented to the 132nd meeting of the Acoustical Society of America, December. 
Hennessey, J.E., Bell, T.S. & Courtnik, R. (1997).  "Lexical confusion in word processing: implications for interference."  Western Decision Sciences Institute, Hawaii, March.

Bell, T.S. (1996).  Presbycusis: Epidemiology, Etiology, and Treatment.  Invited Lecture, Universal Care Health Corp.

Garratt, B.R., Kreiman, J. & Bell, T.S. (1997).  Variability and  validity of voice quality ratings. Presented to the American Speech and Hearing Association (ASHA) Annual Convention, Boston, MA. 

Bell, T.S. & Wilson, R.W.  (1998)  Thresholds for dynamic signals in AM noise.  Presented to the American Academy of Audiology, Los Angeles, CA, April .

Wilson, R.,  Strouse, A. & Bell, T.S. (1999).  The effects of word frequency and phonetic distinctiveness on word recognition in a dichotic listening task.  Paper presented at the American Academy of Audiology, Florida, April, 1999.

Bell, T.S., Wilson, R., Lin, A, & Chen, S.  (1999). Reliability of the Veteran Administration Speech test (VAST).  Paper presented at the American Speech and Hearing Association Meeting, San Francisico, November, 1999.  Note that two of the authors are graduate students at CSLA.

Bell, T.S. (1999).  Presbycusis - Understanding Receptive Speech Communication Problems of Older Adults.  Invited Lecture, Roybal Gerontology Center, February.

Bell, T.S. (1999).  Applications of Distance Learning to Training in Communication Disorders.  Invited Lecture, CSU Council for Graduate Studies in Communication Disorders, California Speech and Hearing Association, Pasadena, CA, April.

Chen, S & Bell, T.S.  & Enrietto, J.E. (2000).  Reliability of the "VAST" for native speakers of Mandarin.  Paper accepted for presentation to  the American Academy of Audiology, Chicago, IL.

Weissman, R., Peterson, M, & Bell, T.S. (2000). A comparative Study of Digitally Programmable WDRC multichannel BTE hearing Aids." Paper accepted for presentation to the American Academy of Audiology, Chicago, IL.

Bell, T.S. (2000).  Reliability and Validity of the Veteran Affairs Sentence Test.  Presented to a plenary session of the 2nd Annual Veteran's Rehabilitation Research Conference, Baltimore Maryland.

Bell, T.S. (2000).  Applications of the WebCT classroom software to instruction in Communication Disorders. Invites paper CSLA Tech Expo.

Bell, T.S. (2001).  Experiments in pedagogy with instructional technology.  Invited paper CSLA Tech Expo.

Bell, T.S., Wilson, R., & Atkins, C. (2003).  Clinical trials with the VA Speech Test.  Presented to the California Speech & Hearing Association, Monterey, CA.

Bell, T.S.(2003).  Lexical processing and central auditory processing disorders.  Presented to the California Speech & Hearing Association, Monterey, CA.

Bell, T.S. and Matsuda, M. (2003).  Pedagogic applications of technology in Speech & Hearing.  Presented to the California Speech & Hearing Association, Monterey, CA.

Bell, T.S. (2003).  Invited Paper:  Speech Intelligibility in Noise and Reverberation.  Presented to the California Speech & Hearing Association, Monterey, CA.

Bonds, S. & Bell, T.S. (2004).  The effect of low-pass filtering on voice recognition.  Presented at a meeting of the American Psychological Society, Chicago, IL.

Bonds, S. & Bell, T.S. (2005).  Recognition and memory for distorted voices.  Presentation at the American Psychological Association, Washington, D.C.

Bonds, S. & Bell, T.S. (2006).  The effects of distortion and serial position on voice recognition.   Presentation at the Western Psychological Society, Palm Springs, CA.

Manlosa, B. & Bell, T.S. (2006).  Right-ear advantage for dichotic listening in normal-hearing adults.  Presentation at the Western Psychological Society, Palm Springs, CA.

Litvina, E. & Bell, T.S. (2006). Recall for spoken words characterized by usage frequency and lexical confusability.  Presentation at the Western Psychological Society, Palm Springs, CA.

Bell, T.S. & Williams, T.L. (2006). Lexical and semantic interaction in memory for spoken words.  Abstract: American Psychological Society, New York, NY.

Bell, T.S. (2007).  Properties of Intelligibility and Memory for Spoken Language.  Invited Paper to the Los Angeles Acoustical Society.

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VIDEO PRESENTATIONS

Bell, T.S. & Harris, M. (1997)  "Hearing Disorders"  Intensive  Course in Geriatric Medicine, Sponsored by the UCLA Department of Medicine;  Multicampus program in Geriatric Medicine and Gerontology. CME Video, 2000 Crawford Place, Suite 100, Mt Laurel, NJ 08054 (36 min).

Bell, T.S. & Desmond, B. (1997)  "Hope for Hearing Health" CenturyCommunications; Public Access, 2939 Nebraska Ave, Santa Monica, CA 90404 (29 min). 
 

 

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