Simple Wording 3m Sec3




Simple Words
View Document

The following vocabulary substitutions should be considered when authoring the consent document.

abrasion area where skin or other tissue is scraped away
absorption the way a drug or other substance enters the body
acoumeter tool used to measure hearing
acute lasting a short time but often causing a serious problem
adhesion tissue stuck together
adrenal gland gland found over each kidney
adverse effect side effect
albuminuria protein in the urine
allergy oversensitivity to a substance
amniocentesis removal of some of the waters from around an unborn baby for laboratory testing
analgesic drug used to control pain
anemia decreased number of red blood cells
anesthesia loss of sensation or feeling
anesthetic drug is used to produce loss of pain sensation
angioplasty surgery to open up a narrow blood vessel
anoxia no oxygen
antacid drug used to decrease acid in the stomach
antibiotic drug used to stop or slow down the growth of germs
antibody type of protein that helps protect the body against foreign matter, such as bacteria and viruses
antihistamine drug used to treat allergic reactions
antiseptic substance used to stop or slow down the growth of germs
aphasia not able to speak or write and not able to understand spoken or written words
artery type of blood vessel that carries blood and oxygen from the heart to the rest of the body
arthritis inflammation of one or more joints
asphyxia suffocation
assay lab test
atrophy wasting away, or decrease in size, of a body organ
audiogram report of a hearing test
audiology the study of hearing
audiometer tool used to measure hearing
bacteria types of germs
benign not malignant, usually without serious consequences
beta blocker drug used to slow down the heart
bilateral having to do with both sides of the body
biopsy removal of tissue so it can be looked at under a microscope
bolus an amount given all at once
bone marrow soft tissue inside bones that makes blood cells
bronchitis inflammation of the bronchi
bronchus tube that carries air from the windpipe to the lungs
bulimia eating disorder in which a person cannot stop eating and often vomits to make room for more food
calcipenia low in calcium
cancer radiotherapy treatment of cancer using X rays
capillary tiny blood vessel
carcinogenic causing cancer
cardiac having to do with the heart
carpal bones wrist bones
cataract clouding of the lens of the eye
catheter flexible, tube-like tool used to take fluids out of or put fluids into the body
cephalalgia headache
cerebellum the part of the brain that controls the movement of the muscles and helps maintain balance
chemotherapy treatment of disease using drugs
chloasma tumor arising from the skin and other organs
chronic lasting a long time
clavicle collarbone
clinical trial an experiment with patients
contraindications medical reasons that prevent a person from using a certain drug or treatment
controlled trial study in which the experimental procedures are compared to a standard (accepted) treatment or procedure
contusion bruise
cornea clear tissue covering the front part of the eye
culture test for infection, or organisms that could cause infection
cumulation increased action of a drug when given over a period of time
cytoid like a cell
deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) material that makes up the genes
depressant drug that slows down the action of the central nervous system
double-blind trial test or experiment in which neither investigators nor subjects know which drug the subject is receiving
duct tube that carries a body fluid
dysplasia abnormal cells
edema increased fluid
efficacy effectiveness
electrocardiogram (ECG) picture of the electrical action of the heart
electroencephalogram (EEG) picture of brain wave activity
embolus blood clot
emesis vomiting
endorphin substance made by the body to stop pain
epidermal having to do with the outer layer of skin
epidermis outer layer of skin
esophagus tube that goes form the throat to the stomach
extravasate to leak outside of a blood vessel
glucose type of sugar found in the blood
gynecologist doctor who treats disorders of the sex organs of women
gynecology the study of the reproductive system of women
hematologist doctor who treats blood disorders
hematoma a
bruise, a black-and-blue mark
heparin lock needle placed in the arm with blood thinner to keep the blood from clotting
hyperopia farsightedness
hypertension high blood pressure
hypodermic under the skin
hypoglycemia not enough sugar in the blood
hypotension low blood pressure
hypothermia low body temperature
idiosyncrasy rare side effect of a drug; unusual reaction of a person to a drug
inflammation swelling, redness, and pain in tissues caused by injury or damage
influenza the flu
intramuscular (IM) injection injection of a substance into a muscle (e.g., upper arm or backside)
intravenous (IV) injection injection of a substance into a vein
lactating making milk
lateral toward or having to do with the side of the body
lesion abnormal area of tissue, such as a wound, sore, rash, or boil
libido sexual desire
lipid fat
lymphoma cancerous growth made up of lymph tissue
macro- describes something that is large or long
magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) the use of magnetic waves to look at soft tissues of the body
mastectomy surgery to remove a breast
micro- describes something that is small or delicate
monitor check on, keep track of, watch carefully
morbidity undesired result or complication
mortality death or death rate
mucoid slimy
myopia nearsightedness
nasogastric tube tube that goes through the nose and into the stomach
necrosis death of tissue or skin
neurologist doctor who treats disorders of the central nervous system and nerves
neurosis mental and emotional disorder
nyctalopia difficulty seeing at night
oncology the study of cancer
ophthalmologist doctor who treats eye disorders
oral administration giving a drug by mouth
orthodontist dentist who treats teeth and jaw disorders
orthopedist doctor who treats bone and joint disorders
otologist doctor who treats disorders of the ear
otorhinolaryngologist doctor who treats disorders of the ear, nose, and throat
otoscope tool used to look into the ear
Pap test microscope test used to detect virus infection of the cervix or cancer of the vagina, cervix, or lining of the uterus
pathogenic causing disease
percutaneous through the skin
phalanx finger or toe bone
pharynx throat
placebo a pretend treatment (with no drug in it) that is compared in a clinical trial with a drug to test if the drug has a real effect
podiatrist foot doctor
polydipsia too much thirst
postpartum after childbirth
potentiation increase in drug action from using two drugs together instead of using each drug alone
PRN as needed
proctologist doctor who treats disorders of the rectum and anus
prognosis forecast of the probable outcome of a disease
prosthesis artificial body part
protocol plan of study
proximal nearest
pruritus itchiness
psychologist doctor who treats disorders of the mind, thought, and behavior
psychosis severe mental disorder; craziness
psychosomatic having a connection between the mind and physical symptoms
pulmonary neoplasm lung tumor
random by chance, like the flip of a coin
relapse the return of a disease
renal having to do with the kidney
retrospective looking back over past experience
scapula shoulder blade
serum clear liquid part of blood
shunt artificial or natural channel running between two other channels
single-blind trial test or experiment in which the person giving treatment, but not the patient, knows which treatment the patient is receiving
sleep apnea breathing problems while sleeping
somatic having to do with the body
sternum breastbone
subcutaneous (SC) under the skin
sublingual under the tongue
syndrome set of signs that happen at the same time in the body
thorax the chest
titration slow increase in drug dosage, guided by patient's responses
tolerance decrease in response to a fixed dosage of drug; over time, higher and higher doses of a drug are needed to get the desired effect
topical application giving a medication by putting it directly on the skin
toxicity any harmful effect of a drug or poison
trachea windpipe
tranquilizer drug used to control anxiety
transdermal through the skin
urologist doctor who treats disorders of the urinary tract of men and women