Cal State L.A. - Project LAREGLO - Social and Political Responses to Globalization in Latin America






Project Timeline



Table of Contents

Social and Political Responses to

Globalization in Latin America
A Proposal Submitted to the William and Flora
Hewlett Foundation's

U.S.-Latin American Relations Program

by Enrique C. Ochoa

Assistant Professor of History

California State University, Los Angeles

5151 State University Dr.

Los Angeles, CA 90032

(323) 343-2045 | Fax (323) 343-6431; Email

The goal of this project is to bring a broad group of scholars,
opinion leaders, from both the U.S. and Latin America, together to assess
the social and political impact and responses of globalization in Latin
America. Unlike most analyses of globalization that tend to exclusively
focus on economic trends, this project will explore how individuals and
communities have responded paying particular attention to the formation
of grass roots organizations and cross-border organizing. By examining this
crucial aspect of globalization this project seeks to include a wide range
of voices in the discussion of the future direction of hemispheric integration.
Such a broadening of the debate has important policy implications since
it challenges many of the prevailing assumptions of the course of global
economic expansion.

The project will be divided into two phases. The first year of the grant
will emphasize the research and study of the social and political responses
to globalization, centering around three topics: local impact and responses;
cross-border organizing; and the inclusion of social issues and immigration
questions into future trade agreements. Academics, opinion leaders, community
representatives, and students will meet in the working groups to exchange
ideas and research findings. Working groups will convene throughout the
year and meet with invited guest speakers from Latin America. The second
year of the award, concentrates on the discussion and dissemination of the
research findings of the working groups. A conference will be held at CSULA
that brings together U.S. and Latin American scholars, opinion leaders,
community representatives, and students to examine in-depth social and political
responses to globalization. In addition to the conference, there are three
principal ways that the project findings will be disseminated: the creation
and maintenance of a web page; a series of community talks; and the publications
of selected conference papers in an volume edited by the PI.





In order to carry out the objectives of this project, the Latin American
Center will be the center responsible for the grant. The center is staffed
by a coordinator and a half-time administrative assistant. The project will
be administered by the center administrative assistant and two half-time
student assistants who will be funded be the project. All aspects of the
project will be overseen by the PI who will report to the Dean of the School
of Natural and Social Sciences via the Latin American Studies coordinator.

The Principal Investigator of this project will be Dr. Enrique C. Ochoa,
Assistant Professor of History. Dr. Ochoa will work in consultation with
a committee comprising Dr. Ochoa, Dr. Donald Bray, Professor of Political
Science, and Dr. Marjorie Bray, the coordinator of the Latin American Studies
Program. Dr. Ochoa is a historian that specializes in Mexican political
economy and has been an editor of four books and author of several articles
in the field of Latin American political and economic history. Dr. Donald
Bray is one of the original founders of the Latin American Studies and has
been one of the principal faculty involved in LAS for the past 34 years.
He is a founding editor of Latin American Perspectives, and has published
studies on U.S.-Latin American relations, Cuba, and Chile. Dr. Marjorie
Bray has coordinated the Program since 1979. She is a specialist in international
economic relations, with a particular emphasis on U.S.-Latin American Relations,
Cuba, and Central America. She is also a founding editor of Latin American

The project will be divided into two phases: research and working groups;
and dissemination of the research findings. The first year of the project
will entail research and study in three working groups. Each group will
have approximately 10-15 members and will be comprised of local academic
of different disciplines, community members, activists, and students. Academic
members of the working groups will be chosen on the basis of their scholarly
research and interest in the project. Community representatives and opinion
leaders involved in community organizing, representing diaspora groups,
community education groups will be sought out for inclusion in the project.

Each member of the working group will work on a research project in their
specialization, attend working group seminars throughout the year, and prepare
a presentation for the project conference. In addition, working group members
will meet with guest speakers who will be a leading scholar or a well known
opinion leader and will address a related topic to the greater campus community.
CSULA faculty will also attend regular planning session meetings with the
PI and the coordinating committee and take the lead in the working groups.

Working groups will be structured around three topics: Local Impacts
and Responses to Globalization; Cross-Border Organizing; Rethinking NAFTA.
The Local Impact and Responses group will explore how communities in different
regions have been impacted by shifts in the world economy and the ways that
they have responded. Individual groups members, then will examine specific
cases such as the uprising in Chiapas, the response of indigenous populations,
migration, and community organizing. Group members will explore how such
economic forces have shaped local communities and nations and examine how
community members and citizens have responded.

The second working group, Cross Border Organizing, will explore the ways
that communities and organizations in different countries have sought to
forge alliances around issues that are increasingly affecting them. Examples
of such groups include alliance among independent trade unions, anti-AIDS
groups organizing educational projects and exchanges, environmental groups,
indigenous communities that are forging alliances to deal with common issues.

The third working group, Rethinking NAFTA, will explore the efforts to
expand integration agreements to include social issues that address labor
standards and environmental questions, and migration. Since NAFTA did not
originally deal with these issues, and they were addressed only later in
the form of side agreements, many community groups and labor unions have
lobbied for these issues to be dealt with directly. This working group will
study these issues focusing on social legislation and migration.

The second year of the conference will consist of exchanging ideas and
research findings and the dissemination of these ideas (Table
). In Winter of 1999, a conference will be held at CSULA to bring together
U.S. and Latin American scholars with community members and students to
examine the social and political responses to globalization. The conference
will be organized with the help of the CSULA faculty involved in the working
groups. In addition, the PI will also have been making contact with additional
potential participants. A trip to Latin America would facilitate this process,
allowing for direct contact with potential participants.

Along with the conference, the project seeks to disseminate its findings
in several ways. The first way will be through the creation of a web page
that would include information about the project, the conference, resources
and a bibliography related to the project, and links to other relevant pages.
The web page will be an important and way of providing the major findings
and resources to a broad international audience that would last well beyond
the duration of the grant.

The second form of dissemination of the findings of the conference will
be aimed at the local community. A team of ten students participants, who
will participate in the working groups, conduct research, attend the conference,
and meet on a regular basis with the PI, will be trained to give three presentations
to local community groups and high school and community college students.
Over the course of the first year, the PI will identify and work with such
community organizations and schools, preparing the way for student presentations
which will occur during the final three quarters of the grant. This will
allow the findings of the student's research to be disseminated into the
community and to open up discussion to these very important issues. In addition,
information packets and reading lists will be created to distribute to these

A third method of dissemination will be through the publication of selected
conference papers to be edited by the PI. The publication of this work would
be aimed and both an academic and a concerned community audience.

The evaluation of the project will be conducted by an external evaluator
who will attend the conference. In addition the evaluator will have access
to evaluation reports of the working groups, questionnaires distributed
to conference attendees, evaluations of student participants, questionnaires
distributed to the audiences of student presentations, and the PI's report.

To continue to connect in-depth scholarly research with community involvements
and education after the end of the two-year award, the project will institutionalize
at least three of its programs. First, the web page created by the project
will continue to be maintained and updated so that it will be an indispensable
resource for scholars, activists, and the public at large. Second, the ties
forged between community organizations and their representatives will be
maintained through the creation of a community educational project that
will provide on-going training and discussion of these and related topics.
Third, the relations that CSULA makes with local Latin American studies
programs and scholars will be used to eventually form a local consortium
of Latin American Studies scholars that can periodically meet in conferences
and stimulate further collaborative projects.


Table I

Project Timeline


Task to be Completed

  1. Working groups to be constituted, agenda planned, and research to
  2. First guest speakers to address working groups and campus community.
  3. Students participants selected and student team to meet.

  1. Working groups to meet and conduct research.
  2. Working groups to identify future guest speakers and Latin American
  3. Three guest speakers to visit and meet with working groups.
  4. Student team to meet and high schools and community organizations identified.
  5. Create web page.

  1. Working groups to meet and conduct research.
  2. Three guest speakers invited to campus and meet with working groups.
  3. Conference preparations begin.
  4. Student team to meet and high schools and community organizations contacted.

  1. Working groups continue to meet and conduct research.
  2. PI to travel to region and identify and contact potential participants.
  3. Conference planning begins.
  4. Student team to meet and high schools and community organizations contacted.
Fifth Quarter
  1. Working groups complete research and prepare conference presentations.
  2. Final conference preparations made.
  3. Student team to meet with PI.
  4. Community information packets created.

  1. Conference held
  2. Student participants meet and prepare presentations.
  3. Working groups meet and debrief.

  1. Transcribe conference proceedings.
  2. Update Web Site.
  3. Contact Publisher for conference volume.
  4. Student presentations for high school classes and community organizations
  5. Working groups submit evaluations.

  1. Student presentations for high school classes and community organizations.
  2. Edit selected conference papers.
  3. Evaluation of project.


Since the project is divided into two phases, the budgetary allocations
differ for the first and the second years of this project. The majority
of funds for the first year of the grant are concentrated in research-related
activities, and for the second year are targeted for the conference and
the dissemination of the findings.

For the first year of the project sixty-one percent of the budget is
dedicated to research-related expenditures. The majority (forty-six percent)
of the amount goes to compensate faculty and other participants in the working
groups, with the balance dedicated to a graduate student assistant, whose
principal duties will be to help design a web page and to engage in bibliographic
research related to the project. In addition a portion of these funds will
be dedicated to the purchase of books and journals related to the project.
Twenty-four percent of the budget is allocated to two course releases and
a summer salary for the PI, and an allotment for a student assistant to
work twenty hours a week. The remaining seven percent of direct costs are
devoted to getting renown scholars and opinion leaders from Latin America
and the U.S. to speak to the working groups and the campus community. Eight
percent is allocated to indirect administrative costs.

Since the second year of the project is concerned with the dissemination
of the research findings, thirty-five percent of the budget is dedicated
to covering the conference costs, including travel and per diem expenses
for participants, cost of meals, publicity costs, and the costs to video
tape, transcribe, and publish the conference proceedings. Twenty four percent
of the budget is devoted to release time for the PI and for the paying of
a student assistant to work twenty hours a week. Twenty-nine percent of
the budget is devoted to research-related activities, including the second
half of stipends for working group participants, salaries for two research
assistants, and money for books and journal purchases. Four percent is allotted
for guest speakers and the remaining eight percent covers indirect costs.

Cal State L.A. | Natural
and Social Sciences
| Latin American
Studies Program

United States and Latin American Relations

California State University, Los Angeles

5151 State University Drive

Los Angeles, CA 90032