Sample Questions

Sample Questions

When studying for your comprehensive examination, please keep in mind that you are expected to demonstrate knowledge of the literature in instructional technology and computer education. Your answers should reflect the fact that you know the current issues and controversies, what the experts are saying, and what the major research findings are in your field.

Note: The following questions are sample study questions. They may or maynot appear in the actual exam.

All Students

1. Discuss the potential of instructional technology for transforming education and training. Be sure to include a discussion of the World Wide Web in your answer. Please cite appropriate experts, theories, and/or research related to this question to reinforce your answer.
   
2. Describe and discuss one specific instructional design technique for each of the following instructional events of a computer-based instructional module: guide attention, present information, elicit a response. And, explain the theoretical foundation of the instructional design techniques you have described. Then, discuss alternative techniques based on a constructivist theoretical foundation.
   
3. What are the implications of the World Wide Web for education according to your view, expert opinion, and research findings? In particular, what are the major educational developments that are unfolding on the Internet today that directly benefit K-12 education and other education and training situations? Also, what are some of the problems of and obstacles to using the WWW in classrooms?

 

New Media Design and Production Students Only

1. Describe each type of instructional software—tutorial, simulation, game, and drill and practice. What kinds of learning are best accomplished by each one? Please cite appropriate experts, theories, and/or research related to this question to reinforce your answer.
   
2. Discuss the difference between formative and summative evaluation as used in instructional software design and development. Discuss the process for evaluating a software design for a proposed product. Please cite appropriate experts, theories, and/or research related to this question to reinforce your answer.
   
3. Summarize the research findings about impact of computer-based instruction on learning. What are the features of CBI program that promote learning and positive attitudes? Please cite appropriate experts, theories, and/or research related to this question to reinforce your answer.
   
4. Instructional multimedia (software, CD-ROMs, websites) raises many issues that concern students and teachers regarding their involvement. Will the roles of students change because of multimedia? Will the roles of teachers change because of multimedia? Please discuss. Cite appropriate experts, theories, and/or research related to this question to reinforce your answer.
   
5. List 3 design guidelines/considerations/criteria for each of the following: Screen Design, Interface Design, and Content/Instructional Design. For each guideline describe an example of how it could be effectively implemented in an educational website. Please cite appropriate experts, theories, and/or research related to this question to support your ideas.
   
6.

Part 1 
Compare and contrast the educational uses of the following two categories of educational technology:

1.
CBI programs such as tutorials and drills
2.
Electronic encyclopedias, internet search tools, websites, hypermedia resources

 

  Part II 
Discuss and compare the design considerations for CBI resources like tutorials and drills on one hand, and educational hypermedia resources (e.g., educational websites or hypermedia encyclopedias) on the other. What are the theoretical foundations for these two types of resources? What does the research say about the benefits of and/or problems with these resources in the classroom?

 

Educational Technology and Leadership Students Only

1. Discuss the need for technology planning. Why is it important? How do you create a district-level technology plan? What elements should be included? Please cite appropriate experts, theories, and/or research related to this question to reinforce your answer.
   
2. Technology can be a catalyst for educational change. Why is that? What paradigms have shifted? How can you leverage technology to achieve educational reform? How does the technology coordinator/director serve as a change agent?
   
3. Discuss the various networking models (local talk, Ethernet, token ring, print/file sharing) that can be implemented at a school site, lab, and individual classroom. Which model(s) do you see as the most effective for lab use? Which model(s) do you see as the most effective for classroom use? Discuss some of the problems and solutions to students sharing computers in a classroom and lab situation.
   
4. Discuss the role of a school-based or district-based computer specialist in helping schools use technology to maximize learning in the school or district. Also, discuss potential roles for technology specialists in managing the school's or district's information resources (e.g., telephone system, administrative data management system, etc.). Please cite appropriate experts, theories, and/or research literature related to this question to reinforce your answer.
   
5. What impact, if any, do district information resources (e.g., pupil tracking software) have on classroom instruction? Please cite appropriate experts, theories, and/or research literature related to this question to reinforce your answer.